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Full text of "The deplorable history of the Catalans, from their first engaging in the war, to the time of their reduction. With the motives, declarations, and engagements, on which they first took arms. The letters, treaties, &c. relating thereto .."

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coLLeraoNS f^^ 



queeN's UNiveusiiy 



The Deplorable 




From theirfirj' r paging in the WAR, 
to the I^^Ncti /lieir Reduction. 

.V i . K -T H E 

Motives, Declaratfons, and Engagements, 
on which they firft took Arms. 

The Letters, Treaties, &c. relating thereto. The 
Realbns of their, continuing in Arms againft 
King Philip •■, and ithe Remonftrances ufed by 
the Emperor and Cfreac-'Britam in their Favour. 

With an Account of what pafled in the late 
Siege of Barcelona, and their private Engage- 
ments to ftand by one another. 

With many original Papers and Matters never be- 
fore Printed. 

L N D IV: 

Printed for J. B A KE R zt the Black-hoy in 
?Attr- ttofier-Row. 1 7 1 4. 

Price One Shilling^, 

H.C^Il' I fl'l 'JJ^i^ 


P R E F A C E. 

THtre cannot be a more profer Treatife in Na- 
ture for the Genius of a Illation famed for 
LiBERTYij nor has a more memcrahle Inflance 
ever happen el of the ^lorio^.t fland made in Dejence of 
it • the Coniuerors thtrnfcves may perhaps he the firft 
that repent the dear Experience of it, and with greater 
Reafon, thri even thofe who were the Authors of their 
Ruin, who firft drew them into a War, and after aban- 
doned them to the Mercy of an enraged Prince, whofe 
Ferfon and Inter efi they had always oppofcd, and from 
whom not the leaff glimpfe of Mercy could he hoped. Such 
an Example of affcrting L I E E RT Y may he dangerous 
in Arbitrary Countries^by infpiring the Diflnffed tofeek 
Redrefs by Arms, rather than live under the perpetual 
Slavery of Tirannical Princes. 

The very Refnlution of the BarceLONIANS 
looked at firH- fo Mad and Defperate, that People could 
not well believe they rpere in Earnefl ; and their Enemies 
fiatter'd themfelveSf that thefirif Bomb thrown into the 
Town would frighten them into Suhmiffion, but have 
fince been undecieved, and the iVorld has a frejh In. 
fiance of the Influence of LIBERTY upon gene- 
rous Minds. 

Examples of this kind are neceffary to prcferve 
amongfi Men the Love of that precious Jewel, and 
guard them again fl the wicked Defigns of a numerous 
Jet of Men, who are perfetually bufie to enflave Man- 


IfjP r XV Ci r A ^ n. 

%lnd^ and are*"* ajham'd to pervert tht Sence of ffoty 
Scriptures *^J P""^' ^^"^ ^"'^i ^^ if the Lams of every 
Country toere not the Meafure of the Obedience of the 
Subjetl^ and that they were obliged to fetch them from 
the Aatediluvian Times, or deduce them from the 
fence they hare been pleafed to put on fome Pajfages in 
the Holy Writings. 

The Clergy of Catalonia feetn to undtrfiand the 
.Scriptures mKch better than tbefe pretended Divines^ 
at Icafi with refpeH to the Submijfion due to the Sove- 
ra^X" \ and being convinced that King Philip refolved 
to fupprefs Liberties, Laws^ and Privileges, of which 
his refufal toConfirm them was a fujfcientDemonflrAtion^ 
they thought themfelves obliged to join with the Laity 
for the Defence of their Eight s^ and die with them, 
rather than be made Slaves. 

A worthy Kefohttion which ought to raife the EmU' 
lation of all other Nations in the World, The French 
King, in his Letter to the Cardinal de Noailles has 
this Exprejfion, Seldom has there been feen an Ex- 
ample of Reliftance fo obftinate as that of the In- 
habitants of Barcelona, and there was need of all 
the Valour of my Troops, added to thofe of 
Spain, to fubdue them. But in all his Engagements 
with them, he never abandoned them when they ajfifted 
him againjl the King of Spain ; nor did he ever give 
up his Power of treating, till he had made tht mofl 
honourable Conditions for them ; ffco' they art now ftiled 
Rebels by bim. 



Q F T H E 

Catalans y &c. 

Q^JvgFter the Declaration of War againft 
S^ . g* Finance and Spair/^ bearing Date the 4th 
g A "8| of May^ 1702. one of the firft: Actions 
JJ^lSiKS of fmportance, was the memorable Ex- 
pedition made againft Cadiz,, for as the 
rifqujng that Kingdom out of the hands of a 
Prince of the Houfo of /Soml^on, was the chief end 
of taking up Arms i fo nothing feemed fo much 
the means to effedl it, as carrying the Scene into 
that Kingdom, where theSuccefs would have an- 
fwei'd the Views of all the feveral Branches of 
the War. 

Our Difappointment in this firft Defign con- 
vinced us that the Spaniards^ at leaft thofe of -^«- 
ddlufia, had not Vigour enough to think of fhaking 
off the French Yoke, and that Sfmn was not to be 

B re- 


reduced by Declaration. However, there was 
hopes, that another Place might be more culpable. 
And confidering likewife that the conftant Diffi- 
culties which atttend Defcents in an Enemies 
Country, where the Hazard is ever great, and the 
Succefs, at leaft, but uncertain; an Expedient 
was therefore thought of, whereby we might gain 
an Inlet or Key into the Kingdom, and a conve- 
nieacy to land our Troops to carry on the War 
with a profpeft of Succefs, and this was by en- 
gaging Portugal in an Alliance with us ; which was 
happily eflefted, tho' no means was left uneflayed 
by France to overthrow it. 

By this Treaty of Alliance , among other 
Things, it was ftipulated^ That the Arch Duke 
Charles^ being undeniably entitled to the Spani^ 
Monarchy, by virtue of a Renunciation from the 
Emperor his Father, and from the King of the 
Romans his elder Brother, Ihould come in Perfoa 
to Lisbon, attended by a Royal Fleet, and an 
Army of riooo Men, two thirds En^Ufli^ and one 
Dittchj to which the King of Portugal was to join 
1 iooo PortH£uez.e, at the Expence of the Allies,- 
and 1 5000 more at his own. 

In this manner a Scheme was laid by the Mini- 
fters at home, for a vigorous profecution of the 
War in Spain- and their part of it performed, by 
fending his Catholick Majefty, ( who had before 
been Proclaimed at Vienna) to Portugal^ after his 
arrival in England, according to the Terms of the 
Treaty, without lofs of time i for King Charles 
Landed at Portfmonth about the latter end of De- 
tember 1703. and notwithftanding the feveral de- 
lays occafioned by the Winds, yet he was con- 
veyed to Lubon by the Confederate Fleet, by the 
€ud of February, 


( ?) 

That part of the War which Kin feCW/^-j had 
a (hare of in Portugal is almoft Foreiga to this 
Delign, and indeed very little was done to have 
any mention at all: In Jiwe 1712. the Lirl of 
i'f<r>Wo.'/^/; arrived zt Lisbon ixom England^ x\i]n 
a Body of 7000 Men, belides Marines, on Board 
the Grand Fleet. 

That the Reader may better underfland the de- 
fign of this Expedition, it will not be improper to 
obferve, that the Kingdoms of Arragon and CAflile, 
tho' united fo long ago by the Marriage of Ferdi- 
nand and Jfibella, (till preferve their ancient Enmi- 
ties i and the CafliUans^ (ince the Death of King 
Charles II. had efpoufed the French Intereft with a 
warmth little expedcd from a Nation formerly of 
fodifFeient an Intereft, which Motive alone was 
a fufficicnt Reafon for the People oi Arragon to 
wifh well to the Title of theHoufe of Aujlria. 

Thus under the name of Arragon is contain'd, 
not only theantient Kingdom fo called, but like- 
wife that of Falencia , and the Principality of 
Cataloma : The yaUncians were very well inclin'd, 
but the CatAlonians gave fuch Indications of their 
Zeal for their Lawful Sovereign, that Queen Anne^ 
by the Advice of Her Miniftry, thought fit to 
difpatch Mr. Creip, who had great Intereft and 
Credit with the States of the Principality, to 
Treat with them about a Revolution, in which 
that Gentleman ufed a great deal of Dexterity 
and good Conduft, and for his Anin:.ince, and the 
Encouragement of the People, had the following 
Credential Letter. 



«c 'j4N'^Ei by the Grace of God, Queen of 

" Great'BritaitJ^ France, and heL-,nd, Defender 

•* of the Faith, &c. To the moft Illuftrious, 

♦' iroft Noble, and n^.oft Excellent Lords, Dakes, 

" MarquifTes, Earls, Barons, Nobles, Gentlemen, 

* Magiftrates of Towns Governors of Places, 

*' and to all Officers Civil and Military whatfo- 

" ever, as well of the Principality of Cataloma, 

*' as of any other Province in Spain, to whom 

*' thefe Prefents may come. Greeting. Having 

** Arm'd Ourfelves in Defence of the Liberties of 

'■ Europe, in order to reduce the Exorbitant 

" Power of France, and difappoint OurNeigh- 

'* hours Aims at Univerfal Monarchy, We have 

**■ with great Satisfaftion been inform'd, that as 

*' you were ever zealous in aflerting your Liber- 

* ties, fo at this time you brook with juft ladig- 

.*' nation the French Yoke irapoftd upon you, and 

*' are determined, as becomes Men of Refolution, 

*' to (hake it off. Wherefore, We have thought 

-•' convenient to fend you our Trufty and Well- 

' *' beloved Mitfsrd Crow, Efq; already known to 

,'' fomeot you, who will inform Us of your pre- 

■-** fent Difpofitions, and confirm you in the pro. 

,**' fecution of fo Glorious a Defign ^ for which 

*♦ Purpofe We have given him full Power and 

*^ Authority to treat and aft with you in all fuch 

'*' Particulars as may be thought conducive to the 

'* perfection of this egregious Work ; not doubt- 

'*' tng therefore but his Arrival will be very grate- 

: ** "ful, We (hall only defire you would give ear to 

J^ thofe Propofals, and depend upon thole Pro- 

** mifes he fliall make you in Our Name. '- 

Given at Our Palace at St. James's this 

'jtb Day of March, in the Tear of 

Our Lord IJQ-^, aud of Our Keignthe 

Third; Aod 


And that nothing might be left unattempted 
towards the Redudioii of Sp.n..-, the Earl of 
Peterborough was fent with the 7500 Land Forces 
oa Board the Grand Fleet already mentioned^ 
to carry the War into another Part of that Mo- 
narchy, whilfl my Lord Gatway was aftin^ oa the 
Side of Port^al^ to impiove thofe Advantages 
that were reafouably hoped for from the good la* 
clinations of a Warlike People, who as they had 
been ever vigorous in the Defence of their Own 
juft Liberties, lb were now no lefs aftive in af- 
ferting the Rights of their Lawful Sovereign ^ and 
to their Honour it raufl be faid, that they made a 
pjuch better Figure in this War than any other 
part of Spain, fo much Virtue does a Notion of 
Liberty infpire. 

The Fleet and Forces proceeded directly io^ 
ward Barcelona ( having firfl fet Major General 
Ramos Bajfit a. Shore at Denia to begin the Con- 
quelt of Valencia) and arrived there the 12 th of 
^iigufl 1705. with his Catholick Mjjefty oa 
Board, who receiving daily fre(h Aflurances from 
the People of Catalonia of their entire Affeftioa 
for his Service, was very prefiiag to have the 
Forces landed, and the Siege undertaken, whilft 
the zealous People flock'd to him, bringing all 
manner of Refrelhments for the Army. 

In the firft Council of War {Aitgufl 16) the 
Generals came to a Rcfolution that the Siege 
could not^ with any manner of hopes of Succeft, 
be undertaken, la the fecond Council of War, 
pa the 22d, the Earl of Peterborough dilTented 
from the reft of the Generals ia their Opinion, 
and gave the Reafons following. 


*^ Becaufe I am fenfible that the Queen, my 
" Miftrefs, befides the Engagements of Treaties, 
" and the Motives of piiblicklntereft, has a moft 
*' particular and tender Friendfhip for the King 
*' of Spam • therefore, as I think it Expedient 
*' to pay him the utmoft Refpeft, in complying 
*' as far as pofllble with his Defires, in any At- 
" tempt, wherein there is the leaft hopes of. Suc- 
" cefs, after having, as in Duty bound, with all 
" Sincerity and Plainnefs reprefented to him the 
•* Dfficulties and Hazards, to which he expofes 
*' his Interell, and the Troops of the Queen and 
" her Allies. 

" Becaufe that his Majefty perfifling with fo 
" much firmnefs in his Opinion about Barcelona^ 
" upon a belief the Town would furrender if a 
" Breach was made : This may create fome Dif- 
" pute in the World, what might have been the 
*' Event, which nothing but Experience can de- 
*' monftrate, whatever Reafons fome may have to 
*' judge the contrary, and it may be thought by 
" feme our Doty to have tried the Experiment, 
*' tho' at the greateft hazard. 

*' Laftly, becaufe no other Reafon, but plain 
*' difobedience to her Majefty's Orders Ihould 
*' have hindred me from complying with 
" any Commands, that came from hisCatholick 
" Majefty. But the Queen has repeatedly com- 
*' manded me, in all my Ir.ftruftions, to be gui- 
" ded in Councils of War by a Majority, even' 
*' in exprefs Words, in thofe Cafes, where the 
*' Kioi^s of Spain and Portugal^ or their Minifters, 
*' fhould offer any thing ia Writing to me; which 
" Orders I communicated to his Catholick Ma- 
*' jefty, as all my other Inftrudions, and I had 
*• often opportunity of repeating them before 

'* the 


" the Minifters of the King of Spain, the Klns^ of 
** Portugal^ and the EngHfl) and D;itch AtnbafTa- 
*' dor and Envoy Beiiig thus fettei'd by fuch 
" pofitive Orders, which I miifl: comply with, 
•* this has again made me offlr the King's Pro- 
*• pofals about Barcelona, and ufe my iitmofl: Ef- 
" forts to gain the confent of a Council of War ; 
" declaring then, as I do now, thutl would molt 
" willingly engage in any attempt, which could 
** have been agreed to in a Council of War, ha- 
V ving received his Majefty aboard the Fleet, with 
" aRerdution to ferve and obey hinn in all things 
*' in my Power. 

In the Council of War of the 25th, the Ge- 
nerals remained firm in their Opinion of the ha- 
7ard of the Siege, and the Earl of Peterborough 
in his Refolution for undertaking it ; but on the 
25th they all came to the following Refolution la 

* Since the King of Spain is refolved to lay the 

* whole ftrtfs of his Affairs upon making an At- 

* tempt on Barcelona for eighteen Days, (fpecify'd 

* in his Letter to us) notwithftanding all our un- 
' anfwerable Arguments to the contrary at three 

* feveral Councils of War, and tho' we have tea- 

* fon to fear the refult will too much juftify our 

* Opinions, yet in regard that our General, the 

* Earl of PeterboroH£h^ has comply 'd with the 
' King's defire, as likewife the Brigadiers St. 

* Amant and Stanhope, and that we are extreamly 

* prefFed to do the fame bv the King and his 

* Miailters, who ftill continue to give pofitive 

* afiurance of their Intelligence from the Place, 
' being refolved that no blame be imputtd to us. 

' We are willing to comply with the King's de- 

* fire for the abovcmentioncd Attempts ■, tho' at 

B 4 ! the 

the fame time we muft exprefs our Concern, that 
this Undertaking will debar us of all future Ser- 
vices for this Campaign. 

' It h evident to this Council of War, by the 
Demands from the Engineers, and the Opinions 
of all the General Officers, that this Attempt 
cannot be made with lefs than five thoufand Men 
on Duty every Day, to Work and Guard the 
Trenches ; that of this Number our Army, not 
exceeding Ccvea thoufand Men , including 
the eleven hundred Marines, befides the 
Dragoons and Guards, cannot furnifh above 
two thoufand five hundred ^ That this Service 
abfolutely requires two thoufand five hundred 
Men daily out of the Fleet and Miquelets, and 
we defire the Admirals fhaviug promis'd their' 
utmoft Afliftance) to let us know whether they 
can furnifh fifteen hundred Men per Day. And 
whereas they have promis'd to aflift this Under- 
taking wiih fifty two Battering Guns, it is un- 
derftood, all things thereunto belonging mufl: 
be furnilhed with the Gunners and Men. 
The next Day the Earl of Peterborough Wrote 
the following Letter to the Prince of Hejfe. 

T' H E Council, of War having rcfolved to ptcri- 
fice their Lives^ thetr Judgment^ and the Inte- 
reft of their Country^ to the King's Abfcliite Commands^ 
upon JffurancethAt the Country People will concur with 
,ns in all the Offices of War^ provided they be paid, and 
thft the Fleet ivili Uktxvife give tis their utr/ioftyljfislancey 
the Engineers have demanded five thoufand Men a Day^ 
at Ica/i, for carrying c« the Works and Guard of the 
Trenches. And we have jent vitr Council of War to 
the Fla^s to demand a very reafonable Jffiflance from 
them,' which trill not oblige the fame Attn to above two 
Days Work during thi wIkIc Enterprizf j and we do 




hot in the le.iji doubt of their agreeing to our Profn" 
fnion. Wherefore^ fince Ahnficur Paqueua aQ'iires u^ 
that the prefent Number of the A'liqueltts amoimts to 
three thoHJund, we entreat yonr Hightiefs to. give Or. 
iters that a Thoafinii AUn may come immediately to 
the Campy to he in readme fs to work with us in .the 
Trenches •, and that your Hghnefs will think how they 
may be relieved ^ and we fliall take Care tolodg^ theni 
either in the Hotifes^ or fome other way, under enr 
Tents and Sails. I dsfirt your Hig\mtfi''% Jrifw^r 
being very fmcrely^ &C. 

At another Council of War the 28th of yfitm 
gufty all thefe Refolutions was overthrown 6y the 
Opinion of the Generals, and it was agreed to 
embark the Troops for Savoy ^ but King Charles 
taking an unalterable Refolution to ftay by his 
Catalans, from whom he had received all the 
Mirks of Loyalty that were yet pofTible for them 
"to (hew, and to whom he had promis'd fo much: 
This his Majefty's firmneG, 1 fay, produced a, 
Change in the Meafures ^ nothing was more grie- 
vious to him, than the Thoughts of abandoning 
a People who had fhewn fuch a voluntary Attach 
to his Service, and from whom he alone expeSed 
to make his way to the 5p///]/j Throne, His Ma- 
jefty allayed every way upon the Temper of the 
Generals, and even the mofl; earneft Intreaties 
were not wanting. ThePrinceof Heffe was like- 
wife ordered to write to Sir CloiidJleyShovelf from 
whom his Majelly had yet fome Hopes. 

Honourable Sir, 

HIS Catholick Majefly heing in the greatcfl 
Trouble in the World to find my Lord Peterbo- 
rough,, again refolved to leave this Enterpriz,e, hath 
his ihly rcioitrfeto you, hearing his Majejiy declared 


that if bis Lordfliip perfifis in his Refolution to^o away 
that hts Ada'jefly finding that without reafon his Crown 
4indfo£ooei SftbjeHsfiiail be facrificed, is refolved to flay 
with them happen what will', thus J mult acquaint 
yoH mth it^ . in Hopes that you will never permit fuch 
a cruel jibandoniyig, and te take your Meafures ac- 
cording : The King begs it of you as the last Favour^ 
and intreatsyou in the moft fubmifs Manner, to find 
cut a way that his Majefly may not be the Sacrifice of 
Fools aud Knaves. I am with all Truth^ 

5 / R, 

Xturmofi Humble and Obedient Servantl 

George P.. of Hefle. 

This was followed by another Letter the next 

Frosa the Camp, Sept. 9. 1705. N. S. 

Honourable Sir, 

SINCE the Land'Offcers are fo difpos'd now to 
depart of their laft tiefoliition, and the King find' 
ing himfelf obliged in Honour and in Confcience not to 
abandon fo good Subjects, which have demonflrated to 
him all the Zeal imaginable, more than the two Thirds 
of the Country having put themfelves under the Obedi" 
ence of their Lawful King, fo that he can by no means 
leave them to their utmojl Ruin, as His Majeily has 
figntfied to Day to my Lord Peterborough, defiring 
of him fame Expedient, and being very willing to 
follow his yidvice, I believe the only way which is left 
is. That my Lord may be difpofed to follow the Refolu- 
tions taken by a Council of IVar for a Afarch, as you 


( II ) 

mf inform' d xcithout doubt y fnch as have been takcH t» 
make onrfelves Makers of Tarragona, to keet the 
Dutch with «J, itrid then to extend our Winter Quar- 
ters to Tortofa, and even into Valencia, as Occafion 
would permit. This His Adajefiy de fires of you to in- 
terpofe with his Lordjhip to come to a Determination 
how far he can ajfiH hts Majelly in this j which Favour 
His Majefiy will efteem as the moj} particular^ and tha Expedient left to conferve fome Hopes of being 
put in the Poffeffion of the Crown of Spain. /, in my 
Particular^ wijh nothing fo much as to jhow^ in all Oc- 
faflonsy how much Jam^ 

Honourable Sir, 

Tour mcfl Humble and Ohdient ^ervtnt^ 

George P. of Hcfle: 

An Expedient was now propofed, fince they 
faw the King's palTionate Rcfolotion to flay by the 
Catalans^ which wa9 to March the Forces to Tarra- 
gona^ and extend their Quarters to 7o«op, and 
even to FaUncia : To this his Majefty readily a- 
greed, any Projeft being acceptable to him, rather 
thandefcrt a People who had, with the greateft 
h3vr,ard,ro zealoiifly exprefTed theirl-oyalty to him^ 
and therefore ferit his Agreement thereto in the 
following Tranfcript to the the Earl of Peter- 
borough, - 

My Lord Eirl of Peterborough, 

I Accept the Offer you make me^ fi^'fgt ^y '^^ Viefo- 
lutions of the Councils of War, there remains no- 
thing elfe to fupport me in S^iin ; fo that I affitrc you 
ijhall remain pofidve in the Refolution of Af/trebing 


( 12 ) 

into tie Coutitry^ being what you may tak^e upoH your 
felf, and jnflify it^ hecaufe the Council of War had de- 
ter mind uf on it. For the reft of the Difpofitions^ and 
Tarticularity (f the March, and of further Defigns t9 
be form'd^ they will he eafiiy regnlated by yoii^ and 
thofe Perfo/is that 1 rvill appoint to affift you of my Pait, 
repsftng an entire Trnft in you^ and the Zeal you eX' 
frefsfor my Service. 

From the Camf before Charles, 

Barcelona, Sept. George P. of Hefie." 

lo.N.S. 1705. 

There are many other Letters and Papers rela- 
tive to the War \ but I only fingle out thofe which 
have the neareft telatidn to the People of the 
Country, fo far as it may fliew their general good 
Difpofition to a Prince of the Houfe of ^uftria, 
and upon what Confiderations they were engaged 
to fo inviolable a Refolution as they have llnce 
■ fhown. 

And as it may be thought a neceflary part of 
this Work, to give feme Account of the real 
Tranfadions on this important Occafion, as well as 
thofe Circumftances which relate to the People 
only, I fhall take an Opportunity to do it, by 
Printing fome Letters from Sir Cloudpy to "he 
Prince and Council, that contain many Things 
material on both Heads, Dated Sept. 10. 1705. 
before Barcelona. 


SJNC E our lajl of the %d ultima, which we feht 
by the Swift Sloop to Altea, Copy of which^ with 
the Refnit of two Councils of War fent with it, were cf 
the 1 1 ft of July, the other of the id 0/ A'lguft, comti 


(13 ) 

incloftd. Purfuant te our Council of War on the '^th 
of Auguft, ive fairdfrom Altea, the Prince of Heflc 
went on Board my Lord Durlley, beini^ a clean Ship, 
who with two fm.iP. Fri^ats wxs lent before us to the CoaH 
of Catalonia, that we might be truly informed of the 
Difpofitiori ofihe People of that Country, and to know how 
far th(y could be Serviceable to tuintheRedu&ion o/" Bar- 
celona, which we heard by the People of Valencia, was 
providing again!} our coming there. IV e hkewife fent 
Captain Loads in the Or(or<i, with three or four Shipf^ 
andTwo Bomb'hetehes, fo Denia, alVall'dTown^with 
a CaSlle upon an Hill of about 20 Gum, to fummon it ', 
and after he hadthreatntd^ and brought his Bomb- ketches 
and Ships to bear, in order to Fire upon the Town, the 
People obliged the Governour to forfai^e the Town, and 
admitted of a Governour, AfajorGeneral Ramos 
BjfTet, fent by the King of S])a\n, with Captain Lozis^ 
and the Ma^ifirates and Chief of the Citiz^ens took an 
Oath of Fidelity to King Chark? the Second. 

IV E continued our Courfe for Barcelona, ufing the 
greatest Diligence that waspojfible for fuch a Sort of 
tnifcr.ihle jailors oi we had amon^il the Tranfports, but 
the \i ind and [Veather favouring tu, we got to Anchor 
near that Csty r/,'« i iffo ultimo in the forenoon; the 
Prince of WafLQ was not htre^ hut the Tlace was pitch" d 
upon for Landirg. and fame Marines and others were 
by my Lord?c\.t\ho\o^''s DireUion embark'din our 
[mall Frigats and Boats for that Purpofe ; but it wm 
late before they cculd make a right Difpofition^ and 
therefore my Lord dirtUed they fjoiild be krpt in the 
fmall Frigats, in order to be Landed next Morning. 
Sunday the \2th the j4rmy Landed, and the Prince of 
HelVc came Time enough to get a(liore with them. 
There was no manner of Oppofition, not fo much as a 
/l^ufijuet fired to interrupt our Landino, and the People 
in the Nejgld':>urtng Towns atid little ffillages keep in 


( 14 ) 

their Htthitatlons^ ande^eem m their Friends^ and the 
Carrifon their Enemies, We Landed from the Fleet of 
cur Ships Complement about I i 50, which wire all Ma- 

Oh the I ()th his Lordfliip calPd a Council of War of 
Flag-Officer Sf and acquainted Vs the Land- Generals 
tpere Vnanimout of Opinion net to attempt Barcelona^ 
hut were mighty deftroHs the Fleet fliould carry them to 
Italy. The Flags had our Initruilions before them, 
and were of Opinion^ that they were intended chiefly 
for attempting Barcelona and Cadiz, and that if we 
found not a fnitahle Return from the Catalans, that 
even then We are to endeavour the ReduSion of other 
Flaces on the Coaft of Spain, and that if any Troops 
could be [pared from Services iu Spain, tt would be 
highly acceptable if they could be employed on any Ser- 
vice for the Good of the Duke of Savoy, and therefore 
they came to au unanimota Refolution^ to attempt fame' 
thingy tho' with haz,ard, having Landed the Forces at 

The reft of this Letter relates to the Councils of 
\Var, and other Points already mentioned. 

In the mean time a fudden Refolution was taken 
to Attack Fort Montjuick^ which was carried with 
very little lofs, and by a favourable Accident: 
Which brings me to the latter part of Sir CUudflefs 

EVT tie 3flf ia the Morning my Lord Petefborow, 
with part cf the Army^ attacked Mcntjuic, and car-- 
tied the Out-works j and on the 6th a Magazjne in 
the Cajile blowed up, and our People in the Outworks 
taking the Opportumty of the Confufion oj the Enemy, 
forced into the Cafile, and pojftfs'd it, making all the 
Enemy that were in it Prifoners of War. In the At- 
lack made on the Out-works of the Cafile, among 
others, the Prince of Hefle was Slain, very much Is- 


( m; 

pienttd by tu all, but more efpeciaUy by the Peaple of 
this Country. 

yiFTER xte haJ pojfefs^d the Out-iporh ., hit 
Lordfliip acquainted tu the ^h Infiant^ by a Memorial, 
T^hat if any thing made it pojjibte to take the Town of 
Barcelona, it wot to carry on the Attack of the Town, 
and therefore de fired the Succours promised tn the Coun^ 
cil of War of the l-jth ult. M alfo about Forty Guns 
from the Fleet^ 24 and 1 8 Pounders, and the u4ffi{iance 
of the fleet in a Bombardment and Cannonading '^ 
and we unanimoujiy came to tht Refolutions, to [end 
Afen ajl'ore to Bavcelona Town, y^nd accordingly the 
Troops and Guns, with their Appurtenances., &c. and 
about 1 80 Rounds of Shot for each Gun \ and they are 
uovf aJJjore^ as alfo the I o Braft 24. Pounders belong- 
ing to the Train ; all which Guns are to he played on a 
Battery near the Town, and we hope to fee the good 
Fffeci of them in a very Uttle Time. 

Britannia ^f/c?-? Barcelona, OSob. 12. 1705. 


TH IS brings his Royal Highnefs an Account of 
our Proceedings Jince my la(l of the loth of 
Sept. whtch wasfent by Capt. Bedlord in the Neptune 
Galley, homeward-bound from Leghorn. 

THE. i\th ult. we ordered Three of the Toiingefi 
Captains that had not taken Pojl, and Six Lieutenants, 
to Command by Turns the Gunners of the Fleet that 
were employ d in the Batteries ajl.ore, and to Night we 
began to Bombard the City of Barcelona from the 
Bomb Tejfels of the tleet. 

The I ith one of our Batteries afltore began to 
Fire, and did conftderablc Damages to the Enemy, by 
difmoMnting their Cannon, 


( 16 ) 

'^'T^^HB x6th' hh Catholick Majefly ac<fnat»ted me, 
U'hat the Town andCaftle of Tarragona y?(7/ held outr 
A^ainfl him^ hut that it wa-s block' li up by fame of his 
good SHbjeiis of the Country thereabouts^ and deftr*d 
they might be fwtiijii' d with fame G tins ^ Powder^ Small- 
fi)ot and ^rmSy to enable them to reduce it^ and a 
Fngat or two to CoumenAnce them. And I ordered^ 
Four Guns with Ammunition. &C. on Bo/trd the Roe- 
Buck, and Phosnix Firefliip^ and fent them thither^ 
the Earl of Peterborow having defir''d that fame Nine 
Teunder Guns might be Landed^ which were fitter and 
more manageable for difmounting the Enemies Guns '■, 
I accordingly ordered Six of that Nature to bt Landed^ 
with all Materials proper for them. 

T H E \ Jth our great Battery of Thirty Guns wat 
ppenedy and Fourteen of them began to Play with very 
great Execution upon th.n Part of the Wah where the 
Breach wai defign'd. T lie Earl of Pcterborow came 
aboard^ and reprefented to us the great Nectffity he 
labqarXdi wider, for Wiijit- of Money for. Subfifting the 
jirmy^ cud carrying on the Siege oj Barcelona, and 
Services in Catalonia, and in very prejftng Circum- 
stances dcfir'd the Ajfiflance of the Fleet, upon which 
eltr FUg-O^cen came to the following RefclMtion, To 
Lend'the Earl of Peterborow Forty Thonfand Dollars 
out of the Contingent and Caort yillowance Money of the 

7 HE ^^th we cMh to the Refoiution, 1o con- 
tinuc letter before Barcelona //j^w had at fnjl been re- 
feli/dfto::give what 4j]Mtance they could:, and lay a 
Firefhip'^flw-e.near the Arfenal with 209 Barrels of 
Gunpowder. And a further Demand being, made for 
'Guns for. the .Batteries, we Landed Fourteen more^ 
•ghicLaia'de.up inali^eventy twoGuns, whereof Thirty 
were Twenty-four Founders, that we landed here with 
their Vtenfils and Ammunition. We corlime to Bom* 

( 17) 

bard the TotVH from the 5m, <« our [mall Store of Shells 
and the Weather xvi II permit. 

THE loth a Demand wai made for more Shot^ and 
we called together theEngVlih flag-OJficers^ and came 
to the Sefolutiotiy To Supply the Batteries with all 
the 24 and 1 8 Pound Shot in the FUet, except 40 

The 2ld the Prince of Lcchenflien and the Earl of 
Peterborow having deftredy at theKeqiicBofhisCa- 
tholiek Majeftyj that the Town of Lerida might for its 
Security he fumi^y'd with about fifty Barrels of Powder^ 
and * further Supply efShat being demanded for the Bat' 
teries afhore^ it was confider'd at, a Council of IVar^ 
snd we came to the following Refeltuions, 

I. To furnijl} i^o Barrels of Powder for Lerida^ and 
to fend fo many more 24 and 1 8 Pound Shot afliore as 
would reduce the EngU(h to 30 Rounds j as likewife to 
be farther j^ffiflavt upon timely Notice. 

The 2 id at Night our Breach being made^ and all 
Things prepared for an y^t tacky the Town was again 
Summon dy and they defired to Capitulate^ and Hofla- 
ges were exchanged j on our Side Brigadier Stanhope, 
and on the Enemies the Alarquifs de Rivera j and all 
Hoflages ceas'd. 

The i6th his Catholick Maje/ly having fecret Notice 
given himy that the Garrifon 0/ Tarragona would fur- 
render upon Shew of a Defgn of Cannonading or Bom- 
barding the Placcy the Antelope, Garland, and one 
of the Bomb-f^effelSy were fent thither^ with Orders to 
take with them the Roebuck and Phoenix, and to Sum- 
mon the PlacCy and require them to proclaim the King, 
and fend their Magtfirates to pay Obedience to his Ai;i- 


The i-]th the Canterbury came to us from Lisbon. 
The Firfl Infiauty at a Council oj fVar^ we came to the 

G 11; 7hc 


11. To Tranfport the Enemies Garnfon hy Sea^and 
leave 4 Winter Squadron in the StreightS. 

The 2d the Cruizer arrived here from England, 
atid brought with her his Royal Highnefs's Orders of the 
20th of Auguft, for fupplying the Ships of the States 
General with Trovifions. 

To Day his Catholick Majej^y fignified to me hy Let- 
ters^ that his good SuhjeUs had feiz.ed the Fortrefs and 
Pajs of Girone upon the Frontiers of Catalonia to- 
wards Provence, 

The 3«/ in the Afternoon the Citiz.ens tf Barcelona 
rofe upon the Garrifon^ and had certainly murdered the 
Fice-roy^ and the Adherents of the Duke of Anjou, had 
they not deftred the ProteElion of my Lord^ and the 
Army^ who prefently marched into the City j and his 
Lordflnp took the Kice-roy and feveral others into his 
Proteiiion., and carried them to his garters without 
the City, hut could not hinder the pillaging and rifling a 
great many Hotifes of thofe that were Enemies to King 
Charles the Third. In the Evening his Lordflnp came 
aboard^ and brought with him the f^ice-roy^ and fever at 
other Perfons of ^ality. 

The ^th Captain Cavendifli in the Antelope, with 
the Frigats and Bomb'P^eJfels, returned to us from Tar- 
ragona where he fummon'd the Town^ and upon their 
refufing to furrender^ fired feme Guns and Bombs into 
it^ and they put out a Flag ofTruce^ and Two of their 
Magifirates came aboard^ andfaid they hadfecnred the 
Governour and Place for King Charles the Third; and 
immediately a Captain of the King of Spain's, and Six- 
Hundred Miquelets who were about ity entered the 

Tlje Fice-roy fearing the incen fed People^ has deftred 
the Garrifcn may be tranfport ed by Sea^ and we are get- 
ting them aboard fome of the Men of War that flay be- 
hind, and fame of the Tranfportt; they fir §1 of all de- 


fired to be fet a^iore to the EaH-rrard '^ but hearim that 
this Country is entirely in the Hands of Kln^ Charles 
the TTiirdy (^except Rofcs,) (tnd r,ot thinking themfehes 
fafe in any Tart 0/ Catalonia, they would now be land' 
ednear Malaga Altncria, or Parts thereabouts. 

This News was very acceptable in England; 
and with it came the following Letters to the 

King Charleses Letter to the Queen oi Great-Britain'. 

Madam my Sifter, 

IShonld not have been fo longy e'er I did my f elf the 
Honour to repeat the /ijfurances of my fncere Re- 
fpeSls to yoUf had not I waited for the good Occafion^ 
which I now acquaint yoU withy That the City of Bar- 
celona is furrendred to rne by Capitulation, I doubt 
fjoty but you will receive this great News with intire 
SatisfaBien ; as well, becanfe this happy Succefs is thi 
Effeii of your Arms always glorious, as from the pure 
Motives of that Bounty and Paternal /IffetJion yon have 
for me, and for every thing which may contribute to the 
Advancement of my Interefi. 

J mufi do this fu/ltce to all the Officers and commm 
Soldiers, and particularly to my Lord Peterborough, 
That he has Jliewn in this whole Expedition a Confiancy^ 
Brnvery, and Conduct, worthy of the Choice that your 
Majefly has made of him ; and that he could no ways 
give me better Satisfa^ion, than he has, by the great 
Z-eal and Application, which he has etjually tefrifiedfor 
my Interefi, and for the Service of my Perfon, I owe 
the fume Juftice to Brigadier Stanho'pc for bis great 
Zeal^ f^igilancs, and very wife Conduit, which he has 
liVen Proofs of upon all Occafms ■• As alfo to all your 

C ? O^ctri 

r 20) 

Officers of the Fleets particularly to your worthy AetmU 
ral Shovel, ajfimng your Majefly that he has affifted 
me in this Expedition with an inconceiveabU Readinefs 
and jipplication^ and that no Admiral will he ever bet' 
ler able to render me greater SatisfaBion^ than he h4s 
done. During the Siege of Barcelona, fame of your 
Majefiy^f Ships^ with the Jffifiance of the Troops of the 
Country^ have reduced the Town of Tarragona, an^ 
the Officers are made Frifoners of War. The Town of 
Girone has been taken at the fame time by Surpriz.e^ by 
the Troops of the Country. The Town of Lerida has 
fiibmitted, as alfo that of Tortofa upon the Ebro ; ft 
that we have taken all the Placer of Catal,onia, except 
Rofes, Some Places in Arragon near Sarragola 
have declared for me., and the Garrifon of the Caflle of 
Denia in Vekncia have maintained their Pofi^ and re- 
pulsed the Enemy ; 400 of the Enemies Cavalry have 
entred into our Service^ and a great Number of their 
Infantry hnve deferted. 

This, Madam., is the ^tate that your Arms., and the 
Ini lination of the Peofle have put my Affiairs in. It is 
unnecejfary to teH you., what flops tUe Courfe of thefe 
Conquests • it »'.' not the Seafon of the Tear., nor the 
Etiemy \ thefe are no Obltaclts to your Troops, who de- 
fire nothing more than to aSl under the Conduct that your 
MajeHj Ij.js appointed them. The taking of Barcelona 
withfo fmall a number of Troops is very remarkable J and 
what has been done in this Seigc is almoj} without £.v- 
ample •, That with 7 or 8000 Men of your Troops, and 
200 MicjHelets, we Jlwuld furround and inveft a Place, 
that 3000O French could not block up. 

.After a A/arch of il, Hours, the Troops climbed up 
the Rocks and Precipices., to attack a Fortification 
flronger than the Place., which the Earl 0/ Peter borow 
has lent you a Plan of: Two Generals with the Grena- 
diers attacl^d it Sword in Hand. In which y^Bion the 


e 21 ; 

Prifue cf HefTe died gloriously, after fa many brave 
AEiions : J hope his Brother and his Family vill always 
have your Majeftyh Protdlion. f-fith 800 Men they 
forced the Covered Way, and all the Intrenchments and 
IVorks, one after another, till they came to the laft Work 
vhich furrounded it, again^ 500 Afen of regular Troops 
which defended the Place, and a Reinforcement they 
hdd received ; and three Days afterwards we became 
Maflers of the Place. We afterwards attack'd tin Town 
on the fide of the Caftle. We landed again our Cannon 
and the other Artillery, with inconceiveable Trouble, and 
formed two Camps diJl-am from each other three Leagues, 
againft a Carrifon almost as numerous as our Army, 
whofe Cavalry was double the Strength of ours. The 
firB Camp was fo weU intrenched, that it was defended 
hy 2000 Men and the Dragoons, nhilif we attack'd the 
Town with our rest of the Trtops. The Breach being 
made, we prepared to make a general AJfaidt with all 
the Army. Thefe are Circumflances, Madam, which 
diftinguifl) this A[lion perhaps from all othei s. 

Here has happened an unforefeen /Occident: The 
Cruelty of the pretended Vice-roy, and the Report fpread 
abt oad, that he would tale away the Prifoners contrary 
to Capitulation, provoked the Burghers and fome of the 
Country People, to take up Arms againit the Garrifon, 
whilsf they were bufit in packing up their Baggage, 
which was to be fent away the next day ; fo that every 
thing tended to Slaughter ; But your A'fajefiy^ Troops, 
entring into the Town with the Earl of Peterborough, 
inflead of feeling Pillage, a PraElice common upon fuch 
Occafoni, appeafed the Tumult, and have faved the 
Town, and eveu the Lives of their Enemies, with a 
Difcipline, and Generofity without Example. 

What remains is, that I return you my most hearty 
Thanks for fending fo great a Fleet, and fuch good and 
valiant Treops to my A jfi stance. After fo happv a Be 

C 3 - ^"ft^i 

c 22 ; 

gifming^ J have thought it proper^ according to the Seti' 
timents of your Generals and Admirals^ tofupport by my 
Trefince the ConejueFls that we have made^ and to (hen> 
tny SubjeEls^ fo jijfcEHonate to my Perfon, that I cannot 
abandon .them. I receive fitch Succours from your Ma- 
jeH-y^ and from your generous Nation^ that I am loaded 
with your Bounties j and am not a little concerned to 
thinh-t that the Support of my Intereff (hould caufe fo 
great an Expence. But^ Madr.m, Jfacrifice my Per- 
fon, and my SitbjcBs in Catalonia expofe alfo their 
Lives and Fortunes^ upon the Affurances they have of 
Tour Majefly's generous ProteEiion, Tour MajeBy and 
your Council k.>toxvs better than we do^ what is neceffary 
for cur Confervation. We Jliall then expe^ your Ma- 
jelfy^s Succours.^ with an entire Confidence in your Bounty 
and Wifiom. A further Force is neceffary \ we give 
710 [mail Diverjron to France, and without doubt they 
'ipill make their utmost Efforts againlf me^ as foon as 
poffihle\ hut I am fatisfigd^ that the fame Efforts will 
be made by my Allies to defend me. Tour Goodnefsy 
Madam^ inclines yoft^ and your Power enables yoUj to 
fupport thofcj that the Tyranny 0/ France raould opprefs. 
All that J can infinuate to your Wifdom and that of your 
Allies^ is^ that the Forces employed in this Country^ 
will not be unprofitable to the Publich Good, hut will be 
under an Obligation and Aecejftty to a^t with the utmoif 
Vigour again fc the Enemy. J am, an Inviolable AffeBion, RefpeB^ and mofl 
Sincere Acknowledgment^ 

From the Camp at JVIadam, my Sifter, 


0/ Odob! 1705. ^^^^ ^^^ Affeftionate Brother, 


(^3 ) 

A Letter to Her Majesty from Junta of the Military 
Arm of Catalonia. 

Sacred Royal Majeffy^ 

TH E Principality of Catalonia being free from 
the heavy Yoke fuffered by the violent Op- 
preflion of France^ and reftor'd to the Center of 
its Felicity, under the eafy and defired Dominion 
of our adored Monarch Charles III. (who God pro- 
ted) wherennto your Majefty has been pleas'd to 
contribute fo powerfully by the Forces of your 
Crown, is indifpenfably obliged, proftrate at the 
Koyal Feet of your Majefty, to an Eternal Acknow- 
ledgment of fo foveraign a Favour, with repeated 
Thanks to your Majefty for the Quality, Number, 
and Goodnefs of the Troops which have afted with 
lingular Regularity, punftual Obedience, and in- 
imitable Valour ^ as alfo for the Choice of the Ge- 
neral, my Lord the Earl of Peterborough^ who com- 
mands them, lince there is none that can exceed 
him in Valour, and few who can equal him in on- 
derftanding the Art of War : His Difcretion, 
Affability, and Gentleners,are the attraftive Load- 
ftone of the Hearts of the Catalonians, who love 
and refpeft him for his Perfon, and for his Cha- 
rafier of your Majefty's General ; and hope from 
your Majefty's Goodnefs, and the generous Strength 
of the Engliji) Nation, a Continuation, with the 
greatett Efficacy of cffeftual Succours, for main- 
taining the Principality under the gentle Dominion 
of our King and Lord, and for promoting the great 
Work of reltoring him to the Throne of his An* 

C 4 Thus 

( 24 ) 
Thus all our Felicity, and the Quiet of Europe^ 
will be owing to the glorious Conduft and fove- 
raign Direftion of your Majefty. God proted the 
Sacred Royal Perfon of your Majefty as wc defire, 
ahd is neceflary for us. 

From the. Camp of Sarria, near Barcelona, OEloher 
the 23d 1705. 

At Tour MajeBy's Feet 

The Junta named by the King^ 
our Lord^ of the Military Arm 
of Catalonia. 

'ji Letter to her Majefiy from the City ofYich, 

Madam f 

WE fnould be wanting to the Law of good 
Vaflals to our King and Natural Lord Don 
Caro'os the Third (who God proteft) if we did not 
return your Royal Majefty the Thanks due to you, 
(as we do hereliy give the fame) for having fa- 
voured him in the Conqueft of this Principality, 
with the poweifd Fleet govern'd by the moft Ex- 
cellent the Earl of Peterborough^ General by Sea 
a::d Land •, who by his great Zeal, Direction, Con- 
ftancy and Valour, Maftering all Difficulties, and 
ovcicoming Imponibilities, which prefented them- 
felves in the Enterprife •, has obtained a glorious 
Triumph over the Caftle and Fort of Aiontjuicb^ 
and over the City of Barceloua^ and with it over 
the reft of the Piincipalicy ; we do therefore re- 
peat to your Majelty our jaft Acknowledgment, 
a'ffuiiijg your Majefty, That ds this good Fortune 
fi;!s us with Joy a:id Acclamation, fo it does miidi 

■ afflift 

( 25 ) 

afflia us, that the Diftance between your Court, 
and this Ci y, deprives us of the Accomplifhracnt 
of our Defires, which is perfonally to throw our 
felves at the Feet of your Majefty, as we do by this 
Letter execute it with cordial AfTeftion, there 
being none fo much conctrn'd in this fiugular 
Enterprife as this City and our felves. May your 
Majefty enjoy repeated Congratulations, fince it 
has been your Arms that has placed our Catholick 
Monarch on the Throne of this Principality. And 
we hope, that in what he has further to do, for 
conquering the Monarchy, Your Majefty's Royal 
Proteftion will not be wanting to him, whereon 
we rely for Succefs \ We befcech God to proted 
Your Majefty's Perfon as is neceffary. 

Vichj Offot, 24. 1705. 

Tour Royal Majefty's 

moFt ohlig'd humble Servants^ 

The Counfellers of the City 0/ Vich/ 

A Letter from the City of Barcelona to her 
Britannick Majefty. 

Sacred and Royal Majefty, 

TH E City of Barcelona having gain'd great 
Advantages, both by the happy Arrival of 
our moft beloved King and Lord Charles III. 
(whom God preferve) and by their being under 
his mild and lawful Dominion, they acknowledge 
they owe this their inexpreflible good Fortune to 
the generous Protedioa of your Majefty, and the 



whole Efiglijlj Nation, and to the Afllflance of year 
great and powerful Fleet, and your brave and va- 
liant Trccps, uad-^r the Command of the Earl of 
Feterboroiigh. This City has thought fit, with great 
Chearfulnefs, to throv?? themfeives at your Royal 
Majelty's Feet, to render you their due Aclsnow- 
ledgments,and moft humble and refpeftfiil Thanks j 
for your M-ijefty having b;en gracioufly pleas'd to 
make the Caufe of the King our Lord fo much, 
afluring your Majefty, that, in Gratitude for this 
Royal Favour, this City in every thing, that may 
be within their Power and Abilities, for your Ma- 
jefty's Royal Service, will apply themfelves to it 
with the true Zeal and Attention which becomes 
.their grateful fence of your Majefty's Goodnefs : 
confeflTmg, that all the Glory is due to your Ma- 
jefty, to whom the Chriftian World will owe its 
Tranquillity, and this City their Liberty. May 
God preferve your Majefty's Sacred and Royal 
Perfon, for which, we, the fathful Siibjeds of the 
Lord and King Charles III. do humbly pray, and 
which we judg neceflary. 

Barcelona, Odob. 24. 1705. 

Her Majefty likewife receiv'd two Letters more to 
the fame Eftedt, one from the Conflftory of the De- 
puties, and the Auditors General of the Accounts 
of the whole Principality of Cataloma •, the other 
from the military Arm, of thefaid Principality and 

In the Letter from the Earl of Peterborough to 
her Majefty there are thefe words. 

' I do not foUicit your Majefty for the neceffary 

* Supports of all Kinds for this happy Beginning ; 

* your Allies, and your Parliament, can never a- 

* bandon 


* bandon a King beginning his Reign with an ASi- 

* on of fuch Refolution and Courage, nor a whole 

* Province of fuch Brave and Loyal People : Re- 
' lying entirely on your Wifdom and Goodnefs, &c. 

During the Seige of 54rce/o«^,encouraged by the 
Declarations of the Queen of Great Britain^ the 
Miquelcts and well afieded Catalans, were bufie ia 
fecuring the Cities and Towns of "Terra^om, Tor- 
tofuj Lerida, Gironc, &c. The States of Catalo- 
nia^ immediately after the Redudion oi Bacelotia^ 
made a voluntary Levy of fix Regiments for King 
Charles^ Service, which were foon compieated; 
and indeed their Vigour and Loyalty to that Prince 
is hardly to be exprefs'd, nor fliou'd ever be forgot. 

Her Majefty, at the fitting of the Parliament, 
thought fit to fignify thefe things to them, and the 
fence (he had of the Engagements and Service of 
the Catalans to the common Caufe, may be there 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

HAving newly receiv'd Letters firom the King 
of Spain^ and the Earl of Peterborough, which 
contain a very particular Account of our great and 
happy Succefles in Catalonia ^ and fhewing at the 
fame time the Reafonablenefs of their being imme- 
diately fiipported, I look upon this to be a matter 
of fo much Confequence in it felf, and fo agreeable 
to you, that I have order'd a Copy of the King of 
Spax?}\ Letter to my felf; a Letter from the Junto 
of the Military Arm of Catalonia ; and a Letter 
from the City of f^ich ; as alfo an Extrad of the 
Earl of PeterhoroHghi's Letter to me, to be commu- 
nicated to both Honfes of Parliament. 

I recommend the Confideration of them to you, 
Centlemcn of the Houfc of Commons, very particu- 


( t8 ) 
larly, as the fpeedieft way to reftore tht Monarchy of 
Spaia to the Houfe of Auftria : Aod, therefore, I 
aflure my felf, you will enable me to profecute the 
Advantages we have gained in the moft effedtiial 
Manner, and to improve the Opportunity, which 
God Almighty is pleafed to afford us, of putting 
a profeperous End to the prefcnt War. 

Both Houfes addrefs'd her Majefty on this Speech, 
and ag'-eed with her, that 'twas neceflary to fup- 
port the War in Catalonia^ for which they would 
inake the neceflary Provifion. 

In the mean time the King was received into the 
City of Barcelona^ with fuch a Welcome, as no- 
thing but a People infpired with the utmoll fence 
of Joy could have fhewn •, and as they had reaked 
their Aiiger on his Enemies, they now doubled it 
with Kindnefs to his Friends, the Officers and Sol- 
diers, the B'v^llih e'fpecially, were carelFeel and en- 
tertained at the higheft rate \ and their Lives and 
Fortunes flaked down to the King with the ftrong- 
eft Afiiirance ^icn con.ld give, and we fee hereafter 
that it catiie to be put to the JProof : Nor do I 
ever find, that among all the Complaints formed a- 
g.iinfl; the Allies, the Catalans were ever accufed 
of not having done their Part. 

The prefent De(ign does not permit me to give 
an Account of the feveral Details of the War ^ the 
Country, no Icfs than th£ City of Barcelomi, gave 
lincere Demonftrations of their good AfTedion ; 
and it was not their Faults that an Opportunity 
was loft of making King Charles Mafter of the whole 
Kingdom ; they furnilhed Troops, lent their Plate 
to be coin'd, and anfwered every part of our Ex- 
peSations that could poflibly be required. 


( 29 ; 

The Frevch Court and that of MAdrid were fo 
fenfible of the Danger on this fide, from the Af- 
feftion and Bravery of the People, that they 
made aU the Efforts pofRble to recover Affairs 
on this fide, before the Danger Ihould fpread far- 
ther, and I need only mention here that they drew 
down a powerful Army into Catalonia^ before the 
Confederates were well aware of it \ bringing with 
thera very formidible and dreadful Preparations 
for the Siege of Barcelona it felf. 

Were the People at this time intimidated ? No, 
They told the King, 

* That it was not enough to receive him in the 

* midft of Profperity, but they would fland by him 

* with their Lives, and all that was dear to them, 

* even in the extreamelt Time of Danger. The 

* Queen of England has afTured us of her Care to 

* fupport us, and we have hitherto experienced her 

* fingular Clemency and Goodnefs, and we will ne- 

* ver fink under any Apprehenfions of Danger, 

* till we have placed your Majefty on your Lawful 

* and Rightful Throne. We are unanimous in this 

* Refolution, and dare own it though we fee our 

* felves enclofed by enraged Enemies. We defire 
' nothing more than that your Majefty will ftay 

* with us, and by the AfTiftance of God, we doubt 

* not to give you a greater Proof than you have yet 

* had of our Zeal and Affedion for your Royal 

* Perfon. 

This Deputation was delivered in the Name of 
all the Inhabitants, and made fo\iiotable an Ira- 
preflion on the King, that he relblv'd no Danger 
fhould be apprehended in Defence of fo Brave and 
Loyal a People. 

Of the Tranfadions at this time we fhall fee, as 
much as is necellaiy, by the following Letters writ 
at this time. Pnme 

( p) 

Prince Lich'tenftein'i Letter to Sir John Leake, dated 
March f^e 25th, i7o5.' 

HI S Majefty the King my Mafter finds at this 
CoDJundture the Principality attack'd on 
both fides by the Enemies confiderable Armies : 
One whereof is under the Command of ^njou^ and 
the Other of the Duke of NoaiUes^ and the City of 
Barcelona like to be befieged ; you may eafily judge 
of the great Neceffity there is to affift us fpeedily 
with the Squadron, Troops and Money, which the 
Queen your Milbrefs has defign'd towards the fuc- 
couring Catalonia. 1 hope thefe will find you with- 
in the Streights, nay, even on the Coaft of the 
Kingdom ot Valencia ; and what confirms me in 
this Hope, is, that the Enemies Eighteen Men of 
War that have block'd up this City for this Seven 
Weeks are fail'd \ but we know not whether they 
will return hither again, or go to Thotilon •, 'tis 
wilh'd you could have the fame Succefs on thefe 
Ships, as you had laft Year with thofe of Malaga, 
All the Advices we have of the Enemies Defigns 
and Motions agree, that they refolve to leave the 
Towns of Lcrida and Giroue behind them, and to 
march v/ith all their Forces direftly for Barcelona', 
which Place, in the Condition it is in at prefent, 
is able to make but a very weak Defence, having 
no regular Troops, and only guarded by its Inha- 
bitants. And the Fort of Monjuic is found in the 
fame Condition^as when it was taken, the City be- 
ing alio without Stores, Provifions, and Money. 
I well know his Majefty is confident of your Zeal 
and Application for his Royal Service, and the 
Common Caufe; that you will ufeall poffible Dili- 
gence to come hither with the Troops that are to 


(31 ) 

be landed, without any Delay or Hindrance, with- 
out which, this City, and all the Principality of 
Catalonia, which depends on its Prefervation, 
will run the Rifque of being loft, with as much 
Eafe, and in as little time, as the Glorious Arms 
of the Queen your Miftrefs, join'd with thofe of the 
Lords the States General^ conquerM it ; befides, the 
facred Perfon of his Majefty will be expos'd to in- 
evitable Dangers. Waiting the Honour of falu- 
ting you in a very (hort time, I am, &c. 

p. S. Eight of the Enemies Ships have weigh'd^ 
and are anchor'd again nearer this City, which 
makes me more prefllng that you will come fpee- 
dily with your Squadron and Forces. 

A Litter from King Charles to Sir John Leake. ; 

I the K I N G. 

Admiral Leake, 

I Am difpos'd to take upon me thisOccafion to 
advife you the high Rifque this Principality 
and my Royal Perfon is found in, for I make no 
doubt e'er the Morrow the Enemy will nioleft us ; 
they have already blockaded me with a Squadron, 
and their Army is now almofl: in Sight of this City, 
and by their quick Marches have obtain'd fomc 
Pofts, which if Jhey might have been prevented, 
would very much have hinder'd their Defigns. 

I am refolv'd, although I find my felf with fuch 
a fmall Garrifon, (as a Thoufand Men of Regular 
Troops, and Four Hundred Horfe,) not to leave 
this Place ■■, for in the prefent ConjunSure, I have 
confider'd, that my going hence will be the Lofs 
of the City, and confequently of all the other Places, 
which the happy Succefs of the laft Campaign hath 



reduced to my Obedience j for which Reafijn, it is 
my Opinion to rifque AU, and venture the Cafu- 
alties that a Siege is incident to, putting juft Trufl: 
and Confidence in your known Zeal towards the 
great forwarding the Common Caufe, making no 
doubt how much you have contributed towards the 
Succours forwardnefs ; I hope in a few Days you 
will appear before this Place, where your known 
Valour and ASivity may meet with a glorious Sue- 
cefs-, for which I fliall again conftitute you the Cre- 
dit of my Royal Gratitude. Given in Barcelona 
the ^lit oi March^ 1705. 

I the KING. 

A Letter of the IG»g of Spain to the Earl of 

Jlfy Dear Lord, 
f^ A S I have often upon fo many Occaiions expe- 
.Xx, rimented your great Zeal and AfTedion for 
my Interefl: and Perfon ; fo in the fatal Conjunifture 
I now find my felf, I place my greateft Confidence 
in you ; hoping, that with the utmoft Rcfolutioa 
and Diligence, you will endeavour to fuccour a 
Prince, and without lofs of Time, who (as the prc- 
fent Hazards, I am expofed to, deraonftrate) fa- 
crifices himfelf for the Vublick Interefl:, rather than 
abandon his faithful Subjeds, and what you have 
fo Glorioufly contributed to conquer. 

I am in hopes. That as you have with fo rauch> 
Reputation poflefb Catalonia^ fo I fliall likewife owe 
you the Obligation of my Deliverance from the 
prefent Exigencies. The Enemy is within Two 
Leagues. My Subjeds are in a Difpofition to fhed 
the lafl: Drop of their Blood for me ^ but wanting 
Powder and Provifions for a long Defence, It be- 

(33 ) 

longs to you, my Lord, (by fo glorious an At- 
tempt) to relieve a Kiag in fuch Neccffity. 

You may reprefent the condition of my Afiairs 
to my faithful Subjefts, animating them, as well 
CdtMlans as Fttlencians^ to (hew at this time their 
true Love and Zeal. Endeavour, my dear Lord^ 
as loon as pofTible to advife Admiral Lf^ie and 
Wajfenaer^ that they may contribute of their part 
to my relief, that out of this prefcnt Danger, I 
may continue to expofe my felf for the Common 
Cauje. 1 could be content to lay down my Life in 
this Place, if my Prefervation were not of greater 
ufe to the general Concern. 

My hopes then are all in You, and you may con- 
cert every thing, as far as poflible, v?ith the Count 
de Cifuentes^ Prince Henry^ and my felf, and with 
my Lord DonnegAll, who is advancing on his fide, 
as well as the Country People of thefe Parts. Lofe 
no time, my Lord^ to come to my afliftance, leaft 
it prove too late. We want every thing here, to 
refill, and defend our felves for any Time. Adieu, 
tny Lord^ I hope to embrace you in a few Days, as 
glorious as poflible : Lofe no time. I fhall ever re- 
main with the fame affeftionate Inclination, 

Barcsloni the CHARLES 

50th of March, 
at Njght,:7c6. 

Kin£ Charles'; Letter to Sir John Leake. 


^'~r^lS with no fmall Satisfadion that I have 

_L hcen informed from the Earl of Pcterbi. 

r o«j^'s Letters of your happy Arrival upon the 

Coall of Vakm.t. 1 doubt not but you have heard 

D ot 


of the Lof*K)f Montjiiic^ and of the Condition my 
Town of B/trcelona is in, where I was willing to 
fafitr my felf t» be Befieged, and to ^rldure all the 
Hardfhips and Accidents of War, to encourage 
both the Garrifon and my Subjefts by my Prefence, 
to make a long and vigorous Defence. 

Itfeemsby the Enemies Motions, they have al- 
ready receiv'd Notice of yonr Approach, but in* 
ftead of thinking to Retreat, they have redoubled 
their Effort* and Fire upon the Breach, which wiH 
be in Condition to be Storm'd after to Morrow at 
fiarthefl: ; and in all appearance, they will make 
a dcfperate Attempt to render themfelves Matters 
of this Town before the Fleet can arrive with the 

Hence you will judge of She indifpenftble Ne- 
cciTity there is that you (hould'do your utmoft En- 
deavours, ufing all poflible Diligence" ^o Relieve 
us without Lofs of Time, and bring the Fleet di- 
redly hither, together with the Troops, to my 
Town of Barcelona^ without flopping or difem- 
barking the ForTcs elfewhere, (as lome other Per- 
fons may pretend to dired you.,) for they can be 
no where fo neceffary as in this Town, which is at 
the very Point of being Loft for want of Relief. 
Wherefore 1 pray God to have you in his Holy Pro- 
teftion \ and expefting the Pleafure of Seeing you 
as foon as pofTible, I alTure you of my perfed E- 
fteem and Acknowledgment. 

BarcelovA^ May ^ CHJRLES. 

N. S. 1 706. 

In this great Exigence, which would have cafl 
any other People but the Catdam into Defpair, 
they werenot the ieaft diftnay'd, taking Example 


by their King, who (hewed all thefirmn 'fs poP- 
fible •, of which 1 Ihall tranfciibe i Ihoi t Ptfiaae 
from the Journal of an £nc/.JJj Officer, prelent ia 
that Memorable Siege- 

* King Charles has been every day oq Horfdback, 
fometimes at AdontyMchy fometimes found the 
City Ramparts, and is, indeed, the Life and 
Soul of the People, who ieem not the leaftdif- 
mayed •, the Shops are daily open, every Trade 
goes forward •, the Women Laugh, and the 
Boys Sing ; and all Sleep dX. Niglit without 
dreaming of Sieges \ not but that we ilaiiJ i;pon 
our Guard, which is reckoned a Diverfion, not 
aHardlhip; fo hearty are they on thisOcca- 

Of the Arrival of the Fleet, and the Relieving 
the Town, we (hall fay no more than what is cou- 
tained in Sir John Leaies Letter to the Prince's Se- 
cretary, Dated i A:fay^ 0. S. 1 705. 


ON the 13th, at Two in the Morning, I dil'd 
out of Gibraltar Bay, with the Wind at 
tv/eft North -Weft, fending the Pembroke., Ty^er^ 
Leopard, and a Dutch Man of War, with Orders 
to proceed before me to ^Itea, or Denia^ to gdin 
Intelligence of the Strength of the Enemv befcte 
Barcelona: The 15th, a X)/«r'3 Merchant- Man i(i 
fix Days from Ltiben. came into the Fleet, and ac- 
quainted Us, that the Convoy with the //.•^t Forces. 
lail'd from Li:bon the Day before hiii. The 1 Sth 
in the Morning we got the length of y^ltci, and 
in the Afternoon were join'd with the Four afore- 
meiuion'd Ships, who brought me no other Ad- 
O 2 vice 

( ?o 

vice than, what 1 had recieved before, and no Let- 
ters from my Lord Peterberough but what were 
of eleven Days date. 

Upon which I call'd a Council of War to con- 
fider whether to flay till the Irijh Convoy join'd me, 
the Wind being then Wcflerly^ and it was agteed 
to remain off of that Place"till the next Day at 
Noon, as you'll fee by the Copy of ourRefoluti- 
on \ and to fend immediately the fame four Fri- 
gats before to f^inerds and Tortofa^ on the Coaft of 
Catalcm'a^ to gain fiHther Intelligence The next 
Morning the PaKther^ which Ship I had order'd 
the foregoing Night to ply to the Windward, to 
look out for the hi jit Convoy, difcover'd three 
Sail, which in a few Hours join'd Me, and proved 
to be the Amelofe^ Wwchefler^ and Faiilcon ; they 
gave me an Account that they parted with Sir 
George Bing off of C^.pe St. Vincent^ and faw him 
theNight before off ofCape els Gat, and were fent 
by him to give me Notice of his comiiig to joia 
usi upon which I calj'd another Council of War, 
wherein it was refolved to ftay till he join'd me, 
which he did with all the Ships under his Command 
by Ten a Clock the next Morning •, and atNooa 
we bore away for Tarragona^ the Place appointed 
for our Rendezvoos, and left the F<««/co« Pink to 
Cruize off of Ahea, with Orders for Captaio 
JVdher to proceed after me thither. The 2 1 ft and 
2 2d following, we had hard Northerly Winds, 
which drove us back as low as Altec, v^here we 
were join'd by Captain K^alker, with the Ships 
under his Command, and the Prince George. The 
27th following I got to this Place, and in a lucky 
Tin:e is refcue it from falling into the Enemies 
Hands, for they expeded to have been ftorm'd 
the fame Night. ConniThoHlonfe^ wlUi theFlecE 



under his Command, which confided of about 
Twenty eight Sail, retir'd the Night before •, but < 
if it had plc.ifed God that the vViad had continned 
that broJiht S\v George Bing to me, I believe I 
Ihould have been able to have given you a much 
better \ccount of his Strength. This comes by 
Captain George DelavaUy who is feat by my Lord 
feterkrough with the King of Spain\ and his 
Lordfhip's own Letters to Her Majefty in the 
pAHlcon^ which Ship his Excellency has appointed 
Mr. 'Robert Delavale^ Brother to Captain DeUvale^ . 
and bte Second Lieutenant of the St. George^ to 

I hope my Letters which I Tent by the Newport 
from Gibraltar, and the Duplicates of them which 
went by the Mary-Galley to Lisbon ^ are come to 


The ' 'ark and Exeter, in their. Paflage up the 
Streights, put afhore near Cape de Gat one of the 
French Scouts of Forty Guns, which the Enemy 

His Royal Highnefs's Orders about the Maft 
Ships, which came v/ith two Letters from you, 
were comply 'd with h^j Sir George Bing., ^x. Lisbon. 
Laft Night the Enemy began to March off, and 
left behind them Fifty Pieces of Brafs Cannon, and 
Thirteen Brafs Mortars. I am^ 

S I K, 

Tonr moTt Humble Servant., 

John Leake. 

The Joy of the Catalans on this occafion, is not 
to be defcribed j they embraced their Deliverers, 

D 3 the 

the E>}^lifl: vfithopen Arms. The Succefles cnfuing 
on the other hand, were as great as this could be j 
and the great Difcouragemcnt and Diverfion this 
gave the Enemy, cannot but be remcmbred in 
favour of this Brave People, and the vigorous 
Refolutjons and Zeal they fhewed in ftandiag by 
their Enjg.'jAt'nents. 

The greateft Vengeance was owing to them 
frop^ ][<iiig Philip and the Court of Madrid, they 
had incurr'd a Refentment never to be forgiven 
and the Occafion wholly to be imputed to 
them Something of this we fhall fee in the fol- 
lowing Speech. 

The Queen of Spain^ Wife of King ThiUf^ on 
thi March of the Confederates towards Madrid^ 
alfembled the Magiflrates of that City, and made 
to them the forjowirig Speech, 

' ! fent for you hither, and appear my felf to 
^ tell you, w'i,.t Diiirefs the State is in j I cannot 

* concer;! it nom you, while the King is expofing 
f hisLiiefoi ycui" Defence; Heaven blefles his 

* Artr.s wjrh ^Succefs laCataloma^ and we hope 

* fh;!t" . ebdlioiis TroviU'.i rrili he focn reduced- Affairs 
dov.C,tgQ I'a well ia Ej^raniadura ■> the Porfu^itefe 
Ad\'a:K.r, wil] vou tamely fee fuch Enemies ap- 
proach you ? Doyoa nor think cf exerting your 

* ut' oft Efforts to make them repent their An- 
'■ dacioufntfs? The Prtfervaiion rf the MonarcKy 

* is now the point in queftion j v<^" ought in this 
preilipg r.ecelfiiy to jhew your Zealand Loyalty^ 
by Siacrifici;:i your At! for the King, for Me; 
and for your lelves- Powerful and fpeedy Suc- 

' coiirsarertquifite. I am the firft Queen th'at ap- 
pcir'd i:i thi> Fi:;ce on fucban occalion, When 
I give you fuch excraoiuiaary Marks of AfTect*- 
' • . . ' * on, 

C ?p ) . 

* on, I well defervc you ihould do fomething for 

* r*te, and defend Me. 

This was before they acknowledged at Madrid 
theraifing the Siege of Barcelona : It is well known 
that it followed that the Qjieen was drivea 
from thence, and all tended to an entire Revolution 
in Spin. The Reafons why it did not fuccecd, 
are no part of this Work •, 'twas not laid at tlie 
Door ,of the Catalans^ and fo far it is the more 
unneceffary to be raention'd here. 

I fhall take Notice, that when Things went ill 
in Cajlile^ and King Charles was obliged to retire 
again into Catalonia^ they received him with as 
much joy as ever ; they (hewed no Reluftance nor 
Difpiritednefs i they were pleafed to fee him, and 
as ready to hazard all to defend him as ever. 

Thenext Year, the Eari oiCalway came to Com- 
mand the Army on this fide \ and the Memorial he 
Publifhed in the Name of Queen Jnne^ is Memo- 
rable for its Excitation to ftir up the Peopleagaiuft 
King Philifi and engaging them in the Caufe they 
fo heartily efpoufed and fufFered for. 

The Earl of GalwayV Manifefto, 

* It being undeniably true, that in the whole 

* Progrefs of this War, the molt Serene Qtiecn 

* of Great-Britain my Miltrefs, and her Allies, are 

* fo far from being Enemies to Sfain, that they 

* have fent their Troops and Fleets for no other 

* purpofe. than to affift the good Spaniards, to 

* Ihake off the Yoke and Domination of France 

* and to place on the Throne of Spainy his molt 
' Excellent Majefty King CW/fj 111. To the end 

* therefore, that the Spaniards iheaifelves may 

D 4i * hav 

. ( 40 ) 

' have the Glcry to co-operate in fo honourable 

* an Undertaking, as the Eftabli(hing the Liberty 

* and Felicity of their Native Country, the faid 

* molt Serene Queen, has been pleafed to Com- 

* mand me to declare a-neiv her Royal Pleafure, 

* That 1 {liou'd in her Name, Succour and Sup- 
' port them accordingly ^ by thefe Prefents I de- 
' clarc and publifh. That all the Generals, Com- 
' manders, Officers, Soldiers, &c. of the S^ani- 

* Ards^ of whatfoever Degree they may be, that 

* will kave the Service of the Duke of Anjou^ and 

* give all due Obedience to his Catholick Majefty 
' King Charles III. on their repairing to me, fhall 
' be maintained in the Service of liis Catholick 

* M^jcfty, in the fame Polls, Honours and Degrees 

* which they had before, without exception of 
' Perfons ; and that from the fame Hour, they Iball 
' be paid and maintained punftually, according to 

* ihf; Pay they before enjoy 'd , out of the Treafury, 
' uhich for thefe glorious Ends, the faid moftSe- 

* rene Qacen has caiifed to be remitted to my 

* Order. 'lis to be hoped there will be no Spa- 

* f7i.triU of Reputation, that will not make ule 
*■ cf fo favourable an opportunity of having the 
*• Honour to free their Country from Slavery truly 
^ Ignominious, and of gaining the peculiar Efteem 
^ of their Lawful Monarch King Charles III. 

The Confederates were now efleem'd in a Con- 
dition to March to Madrid^ and this wasrefolved 
on in a Council of War early in the Spriiig. 

IhcC.n.zlans^ in the mean time, undertook their 
own Defence, with the Affiftance of ferae few 
Regular Troops to be left thera, tho' it is very 
probable they might have been attack'd from the 
iiJeof Roiffdlon^ where 'the Enemy were colkding 
afl Arrny^ Here- 

(41 ) 

Hereupon followed the fatal Bittle of Alman^a^ 
which reduced King C^Wej's Affairs to a defperate 
Condition. Kec-uena^ f^alencia, and Saragoffa Re- 
volted ; X<«nx'<« was taken and burnt; Jlcyra, Me- 
quintnz.a^ and other Places were taken, and the 
Frontier of Catalonia laid open again ; yet the Ca- 
talans retained their Spirit, and flood firm to their 

It will be almoll unneceirary to mention any 
more the Refult of the War of Catalonia ; the 
People behaved rhemfelves with great Duty to 
their Sovereign King Charles^ and with a grate- 
ful refpect to the EngLp. I have Ihew'd how they 
were drawn in and engagedin the War ; and I am 
next to fhew, how they were left and abandoned 
to (hift for themfelves. Thofe who will fee the 
Tranfaftions in Sfain throughout the War, mult 
have recourfe to Hiftory. 

A Peace was entered upon, in which Great' Bri' 
tain had the chief Mannagement : Her Majefl:y"s 
Sence in all Her Speeches of that time, as well as 
of Her former Parliaments, were all forgot, and 
we, rather than the Enemy, were neceffitated to 

make Peace ; the M y, who were without 

Credit to carry on the War longer, built their 
own Salvation upon dcfperate Meafiires, and pre- 
cipitated themfelves into fuch Term?, as were in- 
confiftent with the Good of their Country ; and 
notwithftanding, 1 belicTe fome of them knew 
their Error, yet they were too far engaged to 
recede: And no doubt but our Enemies knew this, 
and therefore took the opportunity to make an Ad- 
vantage of it. . 

What the Peace was in general, I need not men- 
tion ; every body, by this time, is convinced we 
were trick'dintoit, and who oui^ht, if Jullice were 


( 4? ) 

clQi^e, to fufFer for it ; but how it affefted the 
poor Catalans in particular, I fliall endeavour to 
ihew, as pertinent to the matter in Hand. 

When Her late Majefty (or rather indeed the 

Jate M y) was finally refolved on Peace, and 

order'd Her Plenipotentiary to deliver Her in the 
following manner to Her Allies, * That fhe was re- 
* folv'd to conclude Her Peace wichout any furr 
' ther delay, being perfwaded the other Allies 
' would follow her Example. Therefore as a Salvo 
for the Emperor, a merciful turn was given to the 
dirpofTeHIng him of Catalonia, and whatever he 
had Conquered in Spain, by calling it Her Majefty's 
care to fecure the return of the Emprcfs, and the 
Imperial Troops out of Catalonia •, for the Em- 
peror had been gone before, and left his Queen 
and Troops to defend his Conqoefts till he re- 
turned or fent them Afliftance •, and the bravg 
Catalans were never more Hearty and Refolutc 
than at this time. 

They alTured his Majefty, that they would give 
freOi inftances of their Zeal, and would conform 
in all things, to the Queen's Diredions, as tho' he 
had been perfonally prefent \ and if any concern 
appear'd in them, it was in lofing his Prefence. 

This kind Aft of turning the Emperor out of 
Cataloiia, was termed, The Convention, or yigree- 
ment for the Evacuation of Catalonia, ^c. and was 
chiefly treated by the Fretich and Britijh Minifters, 
and the Imperial Minifters agreed to it, not that 
they liked it, but becaufe they could not help 
themfelves •, and indeed it may fcera very plau- 
fibletofcme at firft Sight, but it was backed by 
the faiTic predominant Artifice which vye check'd 
our Allies withal in Flanders, The withdrawing our 
Troop}, and leaving onr uillies deftitute ; fo that 


( 4! ) 
ther-e was a plain force to imply the Emperor's 
confent to it. 1 (hall have no more to fiy to this, 
but to obferve One or Two of the Articles which 
make a little to the Furpofe 

* As fooa as the Evacuation (hall be begun, 
there (hall be granted and publifhed, in favour 
of all the lohabitanis of Cafaloma, and of the 
Ifles, Clergy and Laity, ot what Rank foever, a 
general Amnefty and perpetual Oblivion of all 
that has been done by them during this War, 
and upon that Account, in any Place or Manner 
whatfoevcr, againft the Parties in War, &c. 
Nor (hall any be given on thcfe accounts to the 
Catalans^ and the inhabitants of the ifles. 
' And foiafnuch as the Plenipotentiaries of the 
Power which wichdraws his Troops out of Cata- 
lonit} and the fiid Ifles, have farther infilled to 
obtain before the Evacuation, the enjoyment of 
the Privileges of the Crt.%j/j.;. , &c; and lisice oa 
the part of frame nnd her Allies, that Aifiir 
has been referred entire to theConclufion of the 
Heace her ■ Rvitim^uck Majefty has made re- 
iterated Declarations, That (he will ufe her befb 
O/fices where ever they (hall be neceHliry, to the 
end, that hereafcer the C«t<?/i»«/, &c. may enjoy 
their Privilcdges, with which the fiid Plenipo- 
tentiary acquiefced, in as much as the molt 
Chrillian Kinp, has declar?;d by his Plenipoten- 
tiaries, that hevvpuld concur with to the fame 
end \ on which Coadition her Majcfly made her 

Now, if her Majcfly did infift on thefe Provifo's, 
in ftipulating for the Priviledges of the Cif.t/^w^, 
it mufc certainly be acknowledg'd that her Sollici- 
tatioo^ could no way have failed but for want of 
weight, and fhaf litrDeoiaads became much Icfs 

tor mi- 

( 44 ) 

formidable, than they had been under a more 
jaouriihing Admiaiftration. 

Could we ineffetlually fue to fave thePrivileges 
of a remnant of People in one corner cf Spairty 
when we might once effeftually have Commanded 
the Reftitution of the whole Kingdom-, but we 
were funk to the loweft Ebb of Reputation and 
Power, under the Conduft of a wretched M — y. 

I fhall now purfue the Affairs of the Catalans^ 
not thinking it worth while to fpeak farther of 
our tricking Proceedings at Home ; nor have I in- 
filled on it, farther than it affefted thefe unhappy 

King Charles was by this time Elefted Emperor, 
and had taken a folitary leave of his Loyal Sub- 
jefts the Catalans ; what followed from his Impe- 
rial Majefty's leaving Spain^ as well as the Arts 
ufed to abandon the Catalans^ will appear in the 
following Original Letter from an OiEcer in the 

TH E 8th of September^ the Dutch Admiral 
Phter /ok failed with his Squadron from 5<fr- 
cdcua homeward, and that Afternoon the Britijli 
Admiral Jenmrtgs^ with his Ships, came before that 
Place. The fame Day, Brigadier PnVf, who Com- 
mands the F.ngtijli Troops, notified to Count Sta- 
rcmher/rh, thai by Prince Tfcrdaes de Tillyy he bad 
received Orders from the Lord Bolingbroke when at 
' the Court oi France ^ importing. That the Ceflation 
of Arms byiSea and Land betweenFr<<KC(f andEngland 
being prolonged from the loth of jiugusl for Four 
Months:, hefhould feparate from tbeArmy with his 
Troops, confting of five Batalions and one Regiment 
of Dragoons. The way taken to convey tbefc 
Oiders to the Brigadier's' Hands, was very extra- 

(45 ) 

ordinary. Some Days before, came a Trumpeter 
from the Eaeray to Field-Marfhal Statemberg''s 
Quarters, with a Letter, to demand certain Pri- 
foners, and with fome Meflage of little Confe- 
qucnce. Whether fome Sufpicion was acciden- 
tally entertained of him, or whether he let fall 
Words that gave Occafion to examine him ftrictly, 
he was ask'd whether he had any other Letters 
about him ? Whereupon he owned that he was 
entrufted with another Letter, which biing de- 
manded of him, was found to be direfted to the 
Commanding Offictr of the Britilh Troops, The 
Trumpeter was threatned with the Gallows, for 
bringing Letters for any other than the Com- 
mander in Chief, to whom alone, according to 
the Rules of War, Letters ought to be direfted ; 
and by him only opened. Wherefore the Field- 
Marfhal fent back the Letter to the Prince Tfer- 
elacs di Tilly., and wrote to him, That he thought a 
General jlioidd be better acquainted whk the Laws and 
Cujioms of H'^afj than to ati in fuch a manner ; and 
that if the like mere done again, he might depend upon 
If, that the Bearer (Iwuld he hanged tip, Pr'iacc Tfer~ 
clcs returned a very civil Anfwer ^ but two Days 
after be made ufe of another Artifice: He caufed 
a Subaltern Officer of an Irifi) Regiment to defert 
with a fccond Letter, ordering him to conceal it 
carefully, and to deliver it to none but the £»?/:'//> 
Brigadier himfelf, which he did. No Perfon,, ("faid 
the Prince in this Letter) bin rxy fdf\ the Collond of 
anXxi^Kegiment and the Betrrer^ know that I write 
to you •, 'til to inform you that I have an Order fsr 
you from your Court ^ yoti willfleafe to confider how to 
get it fafely. Hereupon Brigadier Price called a 
Council of the Commanding Officers of his Regi- 
ments, to deliberate what to do,* and whether he 


< 4« ) 

hfe (hould fend any one fecretly to Prince Tfeniaes, 
or whether he (hould acquaint the Field-Marlhal 
with the Affair ? The greateft part of theOifrcers 
gave their Opinion, That it was necejfary to acquaitit. 
the Generalwith it ; that it was agamft all the Kegulom 
tions of War^ to receive Letters from the Enemy^ 
without communicating them to the Commander in Chiefs 
and that they could not^ at that timc^ look upon the 
French otherxtiife than as Enemies. So the Field- 
Marfhal being informed of the Matter, faid the 
Brigadier might fend a Drummer, who on the 8th 
returned with the above-mentioned Order. The 
5>th in the Morning, the Ficld-Marfhal held a Coun- 
cil of War with the Generals and chief Officers of 
the fcveral Troops, to acquaint theni with the 
thing, that they migh^fett^e Meafures for the fu- 
ture. Some Hours after, Lieutenant-General Ao- 
ningfeclt was dispatched to Barcelona, to give an 
Account of this Occurence to the Queen \ to whom 
it feemed very ftrange that fuch an Order fhould 
be conveyed privately, and even by the Enemy, 
while the Britifli Minifter, who in Perfon refided 
with her, had fo much Confideration for Her Ma- 
jefty, as to acquaint Her with it in a propef man- 
ner. Brigadier 'Price went the fame Day to 5<ir- 
celona^ to confer with Admiral Jennings^ and re- 
turned to the Army the i5lh, to regtllate the 
March of his Troops. In the mean while the 
Field-Marlhal had fent the pth at Night a Lieute- 
nant Colonel with 500 Imperial Foot to Terragona, 
where the EngUJI) had a Batallion ^ and the 1 5th, 
Lieutenant-General Surmani marched thither with' 
a S/)<i»//l» Squadron of Nebot, to command there; 
and to take fure PofTeflion of the Place. The i5th 
the Engl/J}) Brigadier reprefented to the Field-Mar- 
lhal, That he coiild not content that the EngiijH/ 


. , ( 47 ; 

Batallion of Elllc't fhould March out of Terragond, 
btcaufe the i-ngUjh Artillery and Magazines were 
fliere. Whereupon the Field-Marfhal (confider- 
ing the Importance and Convenience of the Place, 
and bethinking himfelf that the Englifl) might 
think of Garrifoning it, as they did Ghent and 
BrHgci in Flanders) cauled an Order in Writing to 
be drawn up for that Batallion to March out of it ; 
and at .length the Brigadier confented, that the 
faid Order fhould be fent to the Commanding Of- 
ficer of that Batallion, but without adding thereto 
any thing from himfelf. The 17th, we received 
Advice, that the faid Batallion was marched out 
6f that Town. That Morning the five EngUjh 
Batallions and a Regiment of Dragoons from our 
Army, of which they fent Notice by a Drummer 
to the Enemy. After three Days March, the Fftg- 
ttjli Troops arrived at Sitiat on the Coaft between' 
Barcelona and Terragona. Asfoon as they had lefc 
us, we moved to a new Camp, on the Right of Cer^ 
vera, where we encamped the 18th, namely the 
Infantry, ftill confifting of twenty eight Batalli- 
0ns, in two Lines on the riling Ground?, with the 
Left Wing to the Town ; and the Horfe, in num- 
ber thirty five Squaudrons, in two Lines likewife, 
behind the Batallions. This Camp is pretty ad- 
vantageous: And tho' the Enemy are more nume- 
rdus, having forty fix Batallions and fixty eight 
Squadrons, yet we believe they will not dare to 
Attack us, but will rather attempt to break into 
the Plain of Tcrragona to oblige us to retire. 
Lieutenant-General Wttz.el is with fifteen Batalli- 
ons and fix^ten Squadrons in thGLamfourdan, hold, 
ing Girone clofely blocked op. Deferters of the 
Enemy's Cavalry come over to us daily with their 
MoTfes, and report, tbanhcy axe in great want 


( 48 ) 
ters went on as to publickTranfaiSions. The French 
aad Spaniards began now to pour down their Troops 
ipon them *, however, the Marefchal StaTembergh 
made fuch Difpofitions, that he kept them at a 
Diftance, and was in a Condition to have defended 
himfelf very well, and the Spanijh Army not da- 
ring to attack him, repafled the Se^ra^ and Girone 
was likely to fall into his Hands. 

Things being in this Difpoiition, he went to 
Barce'ofia to fettle the Winter Quarters ; and to 
hold a Grand Council with the Emprefs and the 

The States of Catalonia entred into vigorous Re« 
folutionss, exprefllng a Contempt of the Meafures 
taken to abandon them ; and being at that time 
a0embkd, drew op and fent the following Letter 
to the Emperor. 


TH E Emprefs and Qtieen, our Miftrefs, 
(whom God preferve) having had the Good- 
nefs to acquaint the City of Barcelona, and the 
States of the Generality of Catalonia^ with the Suf- 
penfion of Arms between England and France, and 
your Catholick Majefty's generous Refolution to 
go on with the War, for the Recovery of the Spa- 
ftijl} Monarchy, and the Defence of your faithful 
Principality ; and having at the lame time received 
Order, to declare our Intentions to your Catho- 
lick Majefty upon the Propofition which has been 
made to us ; we moft refpeSfuly obey your Com- 
mand, by the mdfl humble Reprcfentation which 
we take the Liberty to addrefs to you, in Con- 
fidence that your Majefty, out of your Goodnefs 
and Benignityj will accept in good part the Refo- 

C 4P ) 
lution which our Zeal and Affe(fiion inrpfre &g 
with, never to recede from your Majefty's pater- 
aal and gentle Dominion, and to endeavour to 
cfererve that your Majefty Ihould make your great- 
eft Efforts \ to the End your raoft faithful Subjei^s 
may not become miferable Viftims to their irre- 
Concileable Enemies. 

What' makes us think this Confideace the beC- 
ter founded, is, that we have experienced a long 
Courfe of Favours from your Catholick Majefty, 
and particularly the Proteiftfon with which we 
have been honoured, during your Majefty's Ab^ 
fence, by the Prefence of the Emprefs and Queen 
our Miftrcfs ; which will be ever remembred with 
Thanks to Heaven by all Catalonia. We offer your 
Majefty to make the greateft Sacrifices, to obtaia 
the End above mentioned, and to contribute to 
the Continuation of the good Succeffes which we 
have Ground to hope for from the Divine Cle- 
mency, and from the Piety of your Catholick Ma= 

That it may pie fe the Almighty to profper the 
molt Aagufl; Perfon of your imperial and Catho- 
lick Majefty, fo nccedary to all Chriflendom, is 
she earneft Prayer of your molb faithful Subjefts. 

The Eeprejentatio'ti of the Principality of Cztalonh Pa 
his Imperial and Catholick Majelty. 

TH E City of Barcelona^ the Deputation, and 
military Arm of the Principality of Catalo' 
niay having been informed of the Sufpenfion of 
Arms between England and France, and the other 
Difpofitions which it has pleafed the Emprefs and 
Queen our Miftrefs to communicate to us, touching 
the general Peace in the Conferences at Vtrecht §• 

E 7, and 

and of a ceitaia Projeft or Plan of Negotiation) 
contrary to the Service of their Catholick Majefty, 
and to the Liberty of the Monarchy of Spain j we 
think it our Duty and Obligation to your Majefty, 
as our lawful Father and natural King, to make 
the following moft humble Reprefentation to you. 

Your Catholick Majefty knows in what glorious 
Manner your Auguft Predeceflbrs contributed to 
advance this Monarchy, and to defend it againft 
the Violences of its EnemieSj who conftantly en- 
deavoured to traverfe its Grandeur. In fucceed- 
ing time, the Fidelity of Spain has conftantly been 
fecured under the Dominion of the Princes of your 
Auguft Houfe, your Majefty's Predeceflbrs, by a 
ftriift Correfpondence and Union with the Empire 
for above a Century, which Union would be de- 
ftroyed, fhould the Duke of u4njoit remain in Pof- 
fefGon of the Body of this Monarchy, which would 
thereby be engaged in taterefts oppofite to thole 
of the Auguft Houle oi Anftrta, to whom the Spa- 
»//7; Nation owes its Glory and Renown. 

Befides, it would be very difficult to defend the 
Parts feparated from the Body of 5pfK, and to ob- 
train the End propofed by declaring this War, 
which was to re-eftablifli the Tranquility of Europe^ 
by hindring the Union of the two Monarchies of 
France and Spain, which the Kings your Prede- 
ceflbrs had fo much at Heart to prevent, by thoie 
Renunciations which France have no manner of Re- 
guard to : So that the Ground of the War fubfift^ 
ilill, and a Peace by which the Body of Spain is 
transferred to the Houfe of France, cannot be look- 
ed on otherwife than as an Occafion of a new War; 
becaufe that would furnirti France with an Increafe 
of Means to pufli on the Progrefs of her Arms, and 
£0 accomplilh her Defigns, formed fo long ago a- 


C 5« ) 

gainft the Auguft Houfe of AHJlria^ her Hereditary 
Countries, the Empire, and Europe. 

This Danger is more apparent, becaufe the Ma- 
lice of your Enemies, will not fail to employ all 
Manner of Artifices to diminifli the Reputation of 
your Arms, of your Power, and of your Catholick 
Majefty's Augufl; Perfbn, (hould you be oblig'd to a- 
bandoii a Monarchy to which you was called by 
your faithful Subjefts who have acknowledged you 
for their Lawful Sovereign ; into which you en- 
tred with figoal SuccelTes ; and of which your Ma- 
jefty has maintained Pofieirion, by expofing your 
felf to the greatefl: Dangers, and even to thofe of 
a moll perillous Siege which was turned into Tri- 
umph. And certainly, it would be a very deplo- 
rable Fatality, if fo many faithful SubjeQs of thefe 
Kingdoms ftiould be facrificed to the Hatred of 
their Irreconcileable Enemies, and of this Province 
in particular, which firft invited your Majefty, and 
voluntarily acknowledged you, fliould be expofed 
to Slavery. 

The States of the Generality of Cutalonia be- 
lieve, that the magnanimous Refolution which your 
Gatholick Majefty has taken to continue the War, 
is founded upon the Motives abovementioned, and 
on the Tendcrnefs which your Catholick Majefty 
preferves for your People. We return you moft 
humble Thanks for it, and take the Liberty to re. 
prefent to you, that the moft effeftual Way to re- 
cover your Monarchy, would be for your Majefty 
to be pleafed to return in Perfon to the Continent 
of Sfain^ where your Royal Perfon would be a 
great Encouragement to your Subjefts, who are 
always ready to renew their Efforts, and to facri- 
fice themfelves for your Service. In the meaa 
time, we are infinitely obliged to your Majefty's 
E 3 Good 

iGoodnefsj which continues to comfort us with the 
Augufl'Prefcnce of the Emprefs and Queen our 
JVliftrefs, who is the Joy of this Province. 

Sir, we befeech your Catholick Majefty vvith 
the mofl: profound Refpeft, to be pleafed to per- 
fevere in fo important and neceffary a Refolutioa 
which you have taken, to maintain and eftablifli 
Spain under your Majefty's Dominion by Force of 
Arms : And if it happen that Fortune, decides 
otherwife by the Difpofition of a Treaty of Peace; 
and if the Domains of this Monarchy muft be di- 
vided, we molt refpedfully beg your Majefty to 
protei^ Catdonia and the adjacent Provinces with 
all your Power, in fuch manner, that if they can- 
not be faved with the entire Body of the Monar- 
chy, tjiey may at leall maintain themfelves fepa- 

W'c vpill no longer interrupt your Majefty by 
repeating the Importance of the Services done by 
i>his Province, which has defervcd fo well of the 
Common Caiife, and by reprefenting to you the 
Co;iditi>n to which it is reduced for having done 
its Dpty . But we fhould think our feives wanting 
to our Zeal, and to. the Obligation we have to 
your Majeftyj if we did not take the Liberty to 
inrrest you to li<i\'e in deep Confideration the State 
to which AlFairs are like to be reduced, without 
a very prm and very prudent Conduct at this 

We offer to your Majefty all the Forces of Cata- 
inma^ our Ellates and our Lives, for accompliJhing 
your imperial and Catholick Majefty's De- 
figas, and for the moft ferene Emprefs our Sove- 
raign : for we confider that we are obliged fo to 
do by our Daty towards God and towards yo\jr 
lylajefty, tor the Security and Tranouillity of £«- 


rope, the Liberty of Spain^ and the Deliverance of 
the Catalonian Nation. 

We now come to the memorable part of this 
Work, The EvacuatioH of Catalonia, which was a 
pretended Complement to the Emperor. The Por- 
tHguez.e had by this time made their Peace, and the 
Affairs of the Emperor obliged him to accept this 
Propolition. Befides v/hat is particular in the Ar- 
ticles thereof, we find the following Claufe in an- 
other place. 

* If his imperial Majefty will readily confent to 
' a Neutrality in Italy, and evacuate Catalonia^ 

* King Philip, at the ^teeri's Request, will grant a 
' full and ample Oblivion and Pardon to the Catalans, 
' with the Prefcrvaton of their ancient Rights and Pri- 

* viledgcs ^ oLherwife they rnuil expcdi to be facri- 
' ficed to the Troops of France and Spai». 

Thcfe were among the Propofals the Earl of 
Strajford was charg'd to make to the States De- 
puties in Dicember 171 2, oa a New Scheme for 

The Convention, or Agreement for the "Evacuation 
of Catalonia, &c. 

I. All the Germans and Confederate Forces fhall 
be Tranfportcd out of the Principality of Cata- 
lonia^ and out of the liles of Al^jorca and Jvica ^ 
and to the End this may be performed with the 
greater Speed and Safety, there fhall be, between 
the Parties engaged in the War, their Armies, 
Troops and Subjeds, in all the places abovemen- 
tioned, a full and entire Ceffatioa of Arms, and 
all Hollillities as well by Sea as Land, which fiiall 
begin 15 Days after they (hall receive Notice o| 
V • E 4 t 

( 54 ) 

the prefent Convention. The Day the faid Cefla- 
tion (hall begin, the Power which makes the Eva- 
cuation (hall be put into the Hands of the other 
Powers engaged in the War, either Barcelona or 
Terragona - the Choice remaining in the Power 
that furrenders, whether of the faid Towns he 
will keep till the entire Evacuation ; the faid Suf- 
penfion of Arms (hall endure, and be obferved 
bona fide^ till the Court now re(iding in Barcelona,' 
together with all its Retinue, and other Perfons 
who are difpofed to follow it, of whatfoever Na- 
tion or Condition, whether Military or not, or 
Spaniards or Others, (hall with their Efiefts, and the 
Troops above-mentioned, be entirely departed and 
arrived in Italy. 

II. The faid Tranfportation of the faid Court 
and Troops (hall begin, and be fini(hed, without 
any Dtl.iy ; and, to forward and compleat it as 
foon as polTjble, the Commander of the EngUPi 
jFleet, which is in ihofe Seas, (hall determine the 
ijhole", after hsving conferred about it with the 
Commanders in Chief, or CommilTaries named by 
iDOth Parties engaged in the War. 

• Jli- Th^' faid Court and all its Retinue, together 
with thofe who are willing to go along with it, as 
alfo the Troops abovementioned, may pafs in all 
Safety from Catalonia to Italy., with their Effefts, 
P^ggage', Arras, Cannon and Inftrum.ents of War, 
excepting always the Cannon and Inftruments of 
War which were found in the Places when taken, 
and fuch as are marked with the Arms of Fr<wcc, 
which (hall be delivered up to the other Party. 

IV. Men (hail not be permitted to Arreft for 
pcbt any who are minded to be gone ^ but for the 
Securities of the Creditors, ir. is'agreed that Com- 
pndioncrs Ihall be named on both (ides, who (hall 



ftate tlie Debts, and appoint Hoftages to be given 
as Secnrity. 

V. The fick and wounded, as well as military 
Men, as of any other Condition, and namely the 
Clergy, (hall be permitted to ftay in Catalonia in 
all Safety, at their own Expence, till the Recovery 
of their Health. 

VI. All the Prifoncrs taken in the War of Spain, 
fliall be reftored on both fides. 

VII. As to the other Affairs which have beea 
judged convenient for the accelerating and finilb- 
ing the Point in hand, with a manner of Safety ; 
principally with Rcguard to the Places which the 
Armies of Troops of the two Parties engaged in 
the War are to keep in Podedion till the Entire 
Evacuation oi Catahma, and or the faid Ifles. 

VUI. As foon as the Evacuation (hall be begun, 
there jhall be granted and fubl'ijJied, in favour of all 
the SubjeBs and Inhabitants of Catalonia, and the faid 
J/le.'y Clergy and Laity, of what Kahkfoever, a general 
^mncfly and perpetual Oblivion of all that has beea 
done by them, during this War, and upon that jlccov.nt, 
in any Place or A'fanner rvhatjoever, against the Par. 
ties in War ; infomuch that for thefe and the like Caiifes, 
they fiall mt, in general or particular, openly or ft- 
cretly, diret'lly or indirectly, by way of Right or Fal}, 
be molefted o" fuffer any Damage or Jnj»>y\ either in 
Perfon cr Eflate, Reputation and Security, but that all 
the Injuries, Fiolenctes, Hcfttlities, and Damages canfcd 
as well during the War, as by fi'leans thereof, by Word, 
Writing, or Action, jhdl be entiiely forgotten and abo- 
lij})ed, without any Dtfiinction of Perjons or Thine.' ; 
Nor (l;.rllany Trouble be given, on thefe Accounts, to the 
Catalans^ and the Inhabit. {nts and Subjecls of the faid 

IX. And 

M<5 ) 

IX. And forafmuch as the Plenepotentiaries of 
the Power which withdraws his Troops out of Ca- 
talonia and the faid Ifles, have farther infiflied to 
obtain, before the Evacuation, the Enjoyment of the 
Iriv'deges of the Catalans, and of the Snbjeiis and In* 
habitants of the IJles 0/ Majorca and Joica 5 and fincc 
on the part of Frame and her iillies that Affair has 
been referred to the Conclufion of the Peace, her 
Britannich Majefty has made a reiterated Decla- 
ration, That She will ufe her bell OfSces where- 
ever they fliall be neceffary, to the End that here- 
after the Catalans, and Subjefts and Inhabitants of 
the faid Illes,raay enjoy their Privileges, with which 
the faid Plenipotiaries acquiefced, inafmuch as the 
mofl: ChrilHan King has declared by his Plenipo- 
tentiarie?., that he would concnr to the fame End. 

X. Forafmuch as, in digefting the prefent A- 
greement, fome other Points were debated, to wit, 
the o.eneral Amuefty, the prefervation of Eftates, 
Benifices, Ofiices,' Penllous, and other Advantages, 
as v;cll in Favonr of all the Spaniards, as in Favour 
of the Italians and Ecmmings, who have hitherto 
adhered, and are willing hereafter to adhere to 
one of the Two Parties ; and fince it was not 
judged Expedient to make the Difcufficn of thofe 
Points a part of this Agreem.ent, which is entred 
into priiicipally for the Evacuation of Catalonia, 
it has been thought fit to refer them to the Treaty 
of Peace, her Britannich Majefl-y having declared 
ihe will ufe her beft Offices, to get thofe Points 
agreed and determined at the Conclufion of the 

XI. It is farther agreed by the Parties con- 
prafting, in Concurrence with his Royal Highnefs 
the Duke oi^avay, that till the general Peace to be 
made, and four Weeks afcer the figaingof ;he pre- 


( 57 ; 

fent Treaty, there (hall beanentireSufpenfionof 
Arms, and Cellation of all manner of Holtilities by 
Sea and Land, under what Name,Pretence, or upoa 
what Accoanc foever, to take Place throughout 
all Itdy^ and the Iflands of the AUdetcranlan^ Re- 
fpeftively poflefled by the Parties engaged in War ; 
as in all the Territories of his Royal Highnefs the 
Duke of Savoy^ fituate as well on this fide as on 
the ether fide of the Mfi •, and this Sufpenfion of • 
Arms fhall ftand good, without Referve or Ex- 
ception of any Place comprehended under the 
Name of Italy^ the Iflands of the Mcditeraiian, 
and the Territories of his Royal Highnefs the 
Duke oi Savoy. 

XII. The Affairs of Italy Ihall remain, during 
the prefent Sufpenfion, in the Condition they now 
are •, and the adjufliing thereof is referred to the 
Negotiation of Peace. 

XIII. And forafinuch as the AfTeflionate Exhor- 
tation of her Britannick Mijefty contributed much 
to the prefent Agreement ; and feeing it appeared 
neceffary, for the fecure and entire Execution of it, 
that her faid Majefty fhould take parr, and be en- 
gaged therein ; /y^r Britannick Majesty^ relying upon 
the Ajfu^ances given her by the mofi Chrijli.rn King^ as 
Tveli tn his own Name^ as that of his yiliies, by the pre- 
fent Stipulation^ which JliaH have the force of a Treaty 
folemnly made between their Royal A^ajeTties^ be 
the moH Chnflian King and his jlllies will perform^ bona 
fide, and entirety^ all and every of the Articles of this 
j^gr cement^ Pie is pleafed to make her felf Guarantee of 
the- prefent Treaty^ jo as to take upon hcrftf and to 
promijCf that the abovemcntioned Parties tontra^tngy 
fhall cbferve, bona fide, andjulty perform all and every 
of the Articles thereof. 


( 5^ ) 

The Knowledge of thefe Articles arriving at Bar^, 
cdona, we may eafily judge the Aftoiiifhinent of the 
poor Catalans : Nay, there was no lefs a Concern 
in the Eraprefs, and Marefchal Starembergh -^ the 
Bravery and AfTeftion of the People, had won fuch 
tlegard .from them^ that they were at a great lofs 
how, and in what Ferms to break the Matter to 
them : But as there was no Probability to get over 
this Difficulty, and that the very worfl: mufl: at 
laft be known, and perhaps with more Difadvan- 
tage to the People by concealing the Intelligence 
from them : The Emprefs at length fent for lome 
of the Deputation to her, aad opened the whole 
Matter to them ia thefe Terms. 

* You have heard how difadvantageous fome 

* AfTairs jiave been .carried to the Interefl: of your 

* good Lord and King the Emperor, and that fee 
' has been very far from obtaining juft SatisfaSioa 

* for his German Subjeds, at the Treaty of Peace. 
' Not that he has the Interefl: of his faithful Cat a. 

* Uns kfs at Heart ; but being defer ted by fome of 

* his Allies, it has obliged him for tlie Safety of 
' oyr Perfon, and of the Troops he has in thefe 
' Countries, to confent to the prefent Evacuation 
' of Catalonia. You may depend upon having all 
' the Favour and Afliftance it is in his Power to 

' fhew you, and that he will never forget you, 
'though for the prefent he is difabled tofupport 

* you. You will lee what Articles are agreed for 
' you. I promifc to be always an Advocate for 

* you, and aflure you I fhall not eallly forget fuch 
'■ faithful People. 1 (hall reprefent your Cafe timely 

* to his Imperial and Catholick Majelty, and al- 

* ways be ready to do you Favour, &c. 

. Marefchal Staremhcrgh had a long Conference 
with the Deputation, who were fo far from being 


difoiayed, that after a Coufultstibc among them- 
felvesj they rcfolved not to fubmit fo any other 
Soveraign than King Charles III. whom they called 
their Rightful King and Lord : and they were not 
backward in taking timely Care to provide thera- 
felves againft the worfl:. 

In the mean time Preparations were making for 
Embarking the German Troops at Barcelona^ and 
the E»ilifi) Squadron was appointed to carry them 
to Italy : It is not difficult to credit, what was 
generally faid at this time, That the Germans gave 
them all the Inftances, in their power, of favour- 
ing their Proceedings, and furnilhed them with 
NecelTaries for War, and other Things, that they 
could privately, and not exprcfly contrary to the 
Articles of Evacuation. 

King Philip J to make the Matter more plaufible, 
publilhed a formal Amnefty for the Catalans ; but 
there was Exceptions which that brave and cauti- 
ous People were warned ot. 

Don ?hi\i^ by ths Grace of God^ A7«^o/Cafl;ilIe, 
Leon, Arragon, Valencia, &c. 

ALthough the obitinate Blindnefs with which 
the Natives and Inhabitants of the Princi- 
pality of Catalonia continue to refuft to difcharge 
the Obligations they have contrafted by the Oath 
they have taken to me a^ my Subjects, without 
having the leafl: Regard to the Generous Clemency 
with which my Paternal Care, forgetting their In- 
dignity, has offered them their Pardon, and to re- 
eltabliili them to my Grace and Favour, would be 
a jult Motive, now that they find themfelyes re-' 
duced within fo narrow aCompals of Ground, and 
almoft to the lafb Gafp, to ufe them with the ut- 
moft Rigour ia a manner fuitable to their Re- 

( 6o ) 

belliooi and bring them under my Obedience by 
Conqneft, feeing my Troops are fo much fiiperior 
in Catalonia^ and may be daily augmented in Cafe 
of Need, by reafon of the happy Succeffes where- 
with God has been pleafed to blefs the Juftnefs of 
my Caufe ; Yet the Clemency and CorapafRon I 
have naturally for ray Subjeds prevail with me 
over all other Confiderations : And being fenfible 
on the other hand^ that through Fraud, and Re- 
ports of imaginary Advantages, the Violence, 
Force, and the Fears of the Hoflilities which their 
own Protectors might exercife upon their Perfons 
and Eftates, rather than their own Inclination, 
have been the Reafons of their continuing in their 
Difobcdience to me, notwithftanding the Oath they 
had taken to me ^ and being likcwife perfwaded 
that they are now convinced of their Error by 
their own Experience, and recovered from the 
Fears they had of their Enemies, feeing how much 
mine, with thofe of the King my Grand-Father, 
are fuperior to them, I am willing to give them a 
new Proof of my paternal AfFe^ion, Clemency and 
Grace, in granting by thefe Prefents a new Pardon 
and full. Amnefty to all the Cities, Towns, Bo- 
roughs, Chapters, Clergy, Laity, Commonalties, 
and all other Perfons whatever, of what Quality, 
Condition, or Age foever they be, Natives of the 
faid Principality of Catalonia \ declaring, That 
none of them (hall be molefted now or hereafter, 
for having been concern'd in thefe Troubles ; for 
having violated the Fidelity they had fworn to me, 
fomented Rebellion, excited Seditions, transferred 
their Allegiance to another Prince/ giving him 
Afliftance, maintained his Troops, and thofe of 
his Allies, refilled ray Arms, difobey'd ray Laws 
and Commands, and thofe of my Viceroys, Gover- 


C^i ) 

ncrs, or Minifters^ and in fliort, upon no Pre- 
tence or Motive whatfoever relating there 'into. 

My Will and Pleafure is. That all thefe Motives 
be deemed as if they vtcre exprefsly contained in 
thefe Prefents, and fpecially mentiontd therein, 
that they may not be imputed to them for the fu- 
ture, and any Trouble or Difturbance given them 
upon that Account ; remitting unto them, and 
forgiving from this Time for ever, all their Crimes 
aforefaid, not only as to Corporal Punilhments, 
but alfo as to Fines and Confifcations of Eftates, 
our Will being, that they be difcharged and ab- 
folved from the fame in regard to their Perfons 
and Eftates, and that no Proceeedings be made a- 
gainfb the laid Cities, Towns, Commonalties, or 
private Perfons ; but on the contrary, commanding 
all our Tribunals and Courts whatfoever, to keep 
a perpetual Silence thereupon, revoking and an- 
nulling all tile Proceedings that they have begua 
againft them : BECAUSE I FULLY AND AB- 
OF THEM, and that I receive all of them witU 
Joy into my Proteftion. 

Upon Condition, however, That for having a 
juft Title to this Amnefty and general Pardon, 
they will be all obliged v?ithin two Months after 
the Publication of thefe Prefents in Catalonia^ to 
attend my Generals to make their Obedience, and 
and execute my Orders and thofe of the Generals 
aforefaid •, declaring at the fame time by thefe Pre- 
fents, That thofe who fhall not fubmit within the 
faid Term of two Months, which is given them as 
the lalt Delay, fhall be afterwards tonfidcred as 
Rebels, and guilty of High-Treafon, and in that 
Quality proceeded againft according to the utmolt 
Rigour of the Law ; and fo they will have Caufe 


^. 62 ; 

to impute only, to themfelves the dreadful Cala- 
mities which tbey fhall draw upon themfelves and 
their Eflates, and the Deftrudion of the Towns 
which they inhabit, for having not accepted the 
Favour which my Royal Clemency and Piety is 
vvtUing to offer them as the greatefl and laft In- 
ftance of my pacernal Affection. And that this 
Amne(ty and General Pardon may be known toall^ 
I command, That the fame be pubiiQied in all con- 
venient Places. 

In Teftimony whereof, I have caufed thefe Prc- 
fents, ligned with my Royal Hand, to be iflu- 
ed out and publifhed under my private Seal^ 
and counter-figned by my Secretary of State 
and the Uaiverfal Difpatches. 

Given at Madrid. 


I the KING. 

And underneath^ 


They rejected this Amnefty, or Pardon, witli 
Indignation, which was fo ambiguoufly Worded, 
as not to let thera know direftly that their Pri- 
viledges were aimed at. They immediately fenC 
a new Deputation to Vtrccht and the Hague ^ to 
follicit, that the Amnefty to be granted them, 
with the Confirmation of their Privileges, might 
be made an Article of the Treaty between Great' 
Britain and King Plnlif^ and likewife in the Treaty 
between that Prince and the States-General; being 
fenfible, that otherwife their Safeties, as well a^j 


iieir Liberties and Priviledges,' v7ou'd be very 

Tis certain, that both the Maritime Powersfo- 
licited their Interefts as far as they had weisht ; 
>utall they could obtaia, was. That they fliould 
aave the fame Privileges with theCaftUians; fo that 
:heir own ancient Priviledges were to be entirely 
loft, and the Miniftry in England ftipulatcd for no 
)ther, pretending that they were the fame Privi- 
Icdges which they enjoyed when we firft engaged 
ivith them 

The Duke de PopuU^ whom King Philip had ap- 
pointed Captain General of Catalonia, drew dowa 
n the mean time to take Pofleflion of that Princi- 
pality. This was their Old Governour, who re- 
tained for them all the Refentment that a pafTionate 
prejudiced Man could fuggeft ; and it muft needs 
be an Argument of the King's Lenity and Forgive- 
nefs, that he fent a Perfon fo very obnoxious to 
them, to take their Submiflion j he drew down 
Troops to take Pofleflion of the Place, according 
to the Regulation made between the German and 
Spanijh Commiflaries, of which Proceedings, and 
other Confequences, we had the following ac- 
counts from Barcelonit about this Time. 

The I +th of June Count itarembergh received an 
txprefs from his Commiflaries, who had met thofe 
of King Philtf at Cervera, with Advice, That the 
faid Imperial Commiflaries having propofed that 
th« Privileges of the Catalans ought to be couSrm'd 
before the Ceflation of Arms was publifhed ; the 
Spaniards anfwered, That they were come hithoc 
•■-nly to concert the Execution of the Treaty conr 
clu'ledat "Ltretcht for the Evacuation of Catalonia- 
and ntakc Po^t^ion of Terra^ona or Rarctlona, ac- 
cording to the Conveation, and that it would be 

F Tini 

Time enough to talk to King Philip of the Prii 
leges of the Catalans after his taking Pofleffion 
that Principality ; concludig, that they had 

Count Staremhergh having communicated tJ 
Anfwer to the Regency, the Council of the Hu 
dred was immediately alTembled, and in the me 
time there was an uaiverfal Uproar in the Cit 
the Majority declaring, That they would rati 
perilh and ftarve within their Walls, than furrc 
der at Difcretion to the Duke of Anjon. The ch 
Inhabitants and Ma^illrates of the Villages a 
Commonalties of Catalonia were fummoned to cc 
iider what was to be done in this difmal Cc 
junfture for the Prefervation of their Rights. 

Count Staremhergh and Admiral 'Jennings ul 
all imaginable Endeavours to pacify the Peop 
and promifed that they would make fre(h Inftanc 
to the SpaniJI) Commiflaries for the Confirmation 
the Privileges of Catalonia ; but this had no gn 
ESed, and forae Members of the Regency d 
clared in plain Terms, That it was not in his Pow 
to imbark with his Troops, fince the Emperor h; 
written to them, that they were at their Servic 
if they thought it neceJTary. 

The 15th the Confufion increafing more ai 
more, the Imperial General thought fit to aflemb 
all his Troops together for their greater Securit 
The 1 5th, Sir John Jennings received an Exprt 
from England^ by the way ot France. The 7th, G 
neral Montez.e fent two Officers to Girone^ to kno 
whether the Spaniards or French would buy tl 
Horfes of his Cavalry and Dragoons. The i8t 
Four Imperial Regiments incamped at Badahn 
not far from Barcelona^ on the fide of the litt 
River Bez.os, Count Staremhergh having, In tl 


C ^5 ) 

mean Time, propofed to the Marquefs Ccva Cri- 
maldi to come to St. Felieu^ within three Leagues 
of Barcelona^ to continue there the Conferences for 
the Evacuation of that Country. 

That General, with the other CommifTaries of 
Spain^ arrived there the 2ift, being met at A'far- 
tor el by a Detachment of loo Dragoons of the 
Dutch Regiment of Wafenacr, and becafe St. Felleu 
was in the middle of the Quarters of the faid Re- 
giment, it was drawn up for the Security of the 
Commiflaries. THofe of Spain had a Guard of fifty 
Cafltlian Dragoons who made but an indifferent Fi- 
gure. Thofe Caftilians and the MicjueUts had foin.e 
high Words together, and one Oi the CafliUans 
having called a Boor^ or MiqueUt^ a Rebel, the 
Other (hot him dead, and 'tis likely few would have 
been fpared, if the Dutch Dragoons had not inter- 
pofed, and prevented further Mifchief. 

The Marefchal Staremher^h and Sir John Jennings 
met the Spanijlt Commiflafies there, and the 116. 
the Conferences' v/ere held at Ofputalet, witliin a 
League of Barcelona^ where the Evacuation and 
CeflTation of Arms were agreed to in the following 
manner ^ and the Marquefs Ccva Grimaldi having 
fent an Exprefs to Madrid about the fame, and 
fome Overtures made in relation to the Privileges 
of the Catalans^ return'd the 23d to Balaguer^ to 
make a Report thereof to the Duke oiPopoii, 

Convention made for the Evacuation 0/ Catalonia; 

I. '~p^ H E Ceffation of Arms both by Sea and 

Jl Land, will begin the i ft of July. 

II. Barcelona (hall be delivered i 5 Days after, 

that is, the 15th Day of the fame Month. The 

Power which evacuates the Country will continue 

E z id 

in Terra^ctia'^ and remain in the Poflefllon of a fu^- 
cient Diftria for the Subftance of the Troops 
which (hall remain in Catalonia after the firll Im- 
barkation. And in Cafe the delivering up of Bar, 
celom fliould meet with any Difficulty, which is not 
ex^tdizA^TerTagona (hall be delivered up, and thofe 
who make the Evacuation, (hall remain in Poffeirion 
of Barcelona with a convenient Diftrid, as has 
been exprefled in the former Article relating to 

III. After one of the two Places aforefaid, viz.". 
Barcelona or Terragona is evacuated, the other Pla- 
ces (hall be evacuated according to the Treaty. 

IV. The Jflands of Majorca and Ivica fhall be 
likewife evacuated conformable to the Treaty. 

V. As to the Artillery, the Treaty fhall be ob- 
ferved, and CommifTaries appointed on both fides 
to regulate the fame ; with this Provifo, That 
there Ihall be a Compenfation for the Artillery," 
Mortars, and other Implements of War which are 
in the Towns or Places in the Mountains in the 
Poireflion of the Forces which make the Evacuation, 
and other Pieces of Ordnance, Mortars and other 
Implements fhall be given in Lieu of the other, out 
of the Artillery, which fhall be found in the Ma- 
ritime Places or Towns near the Sea-Coalt, belong- 
ing to the Power who takes PoflefTion oi Catalonia^ 
in order to facilitate the Imbarkation thereof, 

VI. All Families or Perfons who are retired into 
Barcelona or in Other Places in Catalonia.^ as alfo ia 
the Iflands of Majorca or Ivica^ of what Nation, 
ProtefTion, Diftindtion or Quality foever they be, 
fhall have the Liberty to remain therein with all 
Safety, and fufficient PafTes fhall be given to fuch 
v/ho fhall be willing to follow thofe who make the • 
Evacuation, and fecurc their Pafl'age mio Italy when 


r ^7 ) 

they (hall have an Oportunity to fet out for that 

VII. The Troops under the Duke of Popoli are 
allowed to begin their March, when it Ihall be 
thought expedient to take Poflellion of one of the 
two Places aforefaid, provided they do not ap- 
proach Barcelona or Ttryaaona. before the Time fti- 
pulated for their Evacuation. 

VIII. All the other Articles fliall be executed 
bona fide according to the Treaty. 

IX. In cafe the Commons, or Civil Power in Far 
celona or CatalonLi, have a mind to fend to the Dike 
of Popoli one or more Perfons, Pafles fhall be given 
them. The fame (hall be allowed to all other Per- 
fons or Families, who have taken Refuge in Barce- 
celona^ Catalonia^ and the Iflands of Majorca and 

X. The Imbarkation fhall be in fuch Places as 
Admiral Jenmngs Ihall think convenient, although 
it were in fight of the Places whereof Poireffion has 
been taken. 

XI. The Marefchal having propofed to the Mar- 
quefs of GrimaUi, that in cafe there fliould happea 
any Difficulty for the delivering up of Barcelona, or 
in relation to the Troops which fliall remain there, 
or in the Neighbourhood thereof after the firfl: Ira- 
barkation, the faid Troops Ihould remain in Pof- 
feflion of Oftalnck and Blanes, with a convenient 
Diftrift for their Subfiftance ; and the faid Mar- 
quefs having not agreed thereunto, the Marefchal 
has refer'd the Decifion of this Article to the Duke 
oi Popoli himfelf,declaring that he has no other View 
>a this Point than the Security of his Troops. Signed^ 

The Count de Koningfeck. 
Bone at Ofpitalet, The M.nquefs Ceva Grimaldi. 

June iz. 171 i« Thomas S^vanton. 

' Anthony Wefcombe. 

F 3 Count 

( 68 ) 

Count Staremhergh having acquainted the Depu- 
tation with what had been refolved upon iathefe 
Conferences, which occafioned great Murrauriags 
and Expoftulations, quitted Barcelona the 26th, 
and declared that he would come no more therein. 
He took his Quartets at Badalona^ in the middle of 
his Trcops, fignifying to the Catalans^ That by the 
1 5th of July they were to have another Matter, 
fince Barcelona or Terragona were to be delivered to 
the Spaniards that Day. This Declaration occa- 
iioned a great Tumult, and the Burghers fent im- 
mediately a Detachment to fecure Montjoui^ and 
hinder any Imperial or S^am^i Troops, to take Poft 
there. Mean time Letters were ifl'ued out, re- 
quiring all the Gentlemen belonging to the Law, 
and others, throughout the Principality, to meet 
tile 30th at Barcelona^ to afTift in a great Council, 
which was to be held there, to confider whether 
they ought to continue in Arms, or fubmit to King 
Thilip. The 27th of June the Dutch Troops in- 
camped between St. Andrero and Columna^ within a 
League of Barcelona, and Notice was given in their 
Camp, That it was free for every one to fell the 
Hosfes they had. 

The 3d of Jiily^ Sixteen Imperial Batallions im- 
barked, and failed the fame Evening for Italy^ un- 
der Convoy . of three Britijh Men of War. The 
Ath, fix Barks and four Frigots arrived to take on 
Board the Dutch and Palatine Troops. The fame 
Day the CitaLins aflem.bled in a general Council, 
refolved not to Hibmit to King PhUif •, but on the 
contrary, to continue the War with Vigour. They 
gave Orders for forming their Array, and took in- 
to their Service all the AHquelets and Voluntiers, 
appointing the famous Nebot Chief of the fame, 
and General of their Givalry. A private Mer- 

chant, called Ddmas^ offered to ralfe a Regiment 
of 500 Horfc at his own Charge, provided he was 
made Collonelof it, andithat theDeputation would 
maintain it, which was granted. 

Between the 8th and 9th, The Dutch and Pala- 
tine Troops marched to the Mole oi Barcelona^ and 
begun to imbark : Count Staremhergh went at the 
Tame time on Board the Brit ijh Admiral -y where- 
upon the Catalans^ who had not publiflied any Or- 
ders while he was on Shore, looking upon him as 
their Viceroy, fent, as foon as he was got into the 
Pinnace of the Admiral, a Detachment of Soldiers 
with the Drums and Trumpets of the City, who in 
the Name of King Charles III. proclaim'd the War 
againft the Duke of Anjou^ in Defence of their 
Rights and Privileges. They came to the Sea-fliore, 
and publiflied at the Head of the Troops which 
were to be imbark'd, That fuch Ofliccrs who fhould 
be willing to remain in their Service, Ihould have 
the fame Places and Pay as they had beforej and 
that the private Soldiers fhould receive a Piftole in 
Hand, and two Reals a Day •, upon which Invita- 
tion and PromifeSj a great many Soldiers went to 

Al! our Advices at this time confirmed the Re- 
folatiou of the Catalans to defend themfclvcs to the 
lafl Extremity, and that the Inhabitants of Ma- 
jorca following their Example, made fuch a terrible 
fire npon the Spanifi) Gallies, wnich were fent to 
take PofTefTion thereof, that they were forced to 
retire in great Precipitation. The Duke of PopoU 
being arrived before Barcelona^ fent the following 
Letter to the Deputation of Catalonia. 




Z)«,ff o/Popoli, Pr»«ce 0/ Petarano, Knight of the 
Holy GhoH-^ Gentleman of the Chamber of hit Ca- 
tholick Adajefly^ Captain of one of the Troop of bis 
Life-GHardsy and Captain-General of his Army in 
fhe Principality of Catalonia. 

THIS is to fignify to the City of Barcelonay 
That if they do not open their Gates this 
prefent Day, J»ly the 29th, to the Troops of the 
King pur Sovereign, and fubroit to his Obedience, ' 
the Indult (Pardon) that his Majefty has been plea-' 
fed, out of his great Clemency, to grant to the 
Inhab tants, ihall take no place, but that they will' 
be ufed as obftinate Rebels : And whereas the Ar- 
my of his Majefty has inverted the City, they are 
warned out of a Motive of Compafiion, before the 
Operations to chaftize them are begun, that they 
are to prevent their total Ruin, by accepting the 
Amnefby granted by his Majefty, and fending De- 
puties to the Army to implore the Clemency of his 


The Duh of ?0?OLL 

Done at the Camp 
before Barcelona, And Hnderneathl 

July 29, 171 3. 

Don Bartholometv Crefpo, 


( 7« ) 

The Deputation'; ANSWER ro/J!;e LETTER 
of the Duke of Popoli, 

TH E Singularity of the Letter which this 
City received tliis Day from the Enemy by 
a Trumpeter, has dcfcrved fo much Attention, as 
well in refpeft to the Style, as to the Circumftaaces 
thereof, that the Trumpeter could not be fent back 
immediately, fome time being required to confider 
in what manner they fliould anfwer. ThattheGates 
qf Barcelona have been (hut up to defend the Place 
againft the Enemy, who defign to make f hemfelves 
Maflers of ft: That this City and whole Princi- 
pality perfift in their Refolution to continue the 
War, out of an inviolable Fidelity which they have 
always had for their Sovereign, whofe Power it is 
to make Peace or declare War : That the Menaces 
and injurious Ways, attended with an unheard of 
Style, do not difcourage the faid People, but con^. 
firm them in the Oath of Fidelity which they have 
renewed : That as the Capital City is noc ufed t(\ 
violate the Rules of good tSlanners, they fend back 
the Trumpeter as lafely as he came : That the 
Duke of Popoli might take what Refolution he plea- 
fes on the Anfwer delivered to his Trumpeter ; 
and laflly. That this City is refolv'd vigoroufly 
to oppofe all the Entcrprizes of the Enemy, as they 
have done in Time paft. 

Barcelona, ]a\y 2^. 171J. 

Things coming to this Extremity, they began to 
form their Army, of which, they gave the Com.- 
mand to the General yallareal. Count Puebla, and 
General Neht. The Inhabitants, of Barcelona were 


r 72) 

comanded to take up Arms, and the MiqueUts had 
Notice given thera to come near that City. The 
States fent the Generals aforefaid to Count Starem. 
herg-t to tell him, That they were fenfible that the 
Emperor would never have forfakea them but by 
an unavoidable Neceffity, to which he was forced 
to fubmit, and that therefore they would preferve 
for him the fame Zeal, AfTeflion and Refpeft, as 
they had all along exprelTed for their Lawful Sove- 
reign : They added, That they hoped he had not 
confented to deliver up Barcelotjato their Enemies, 
and that therefore he would evacuate the Caftle of 
Montjouy and that City, and leave it to the Inha- 
bitants and the States of Catalonia^ to make the befb 
Terms they could for themfelves. Count Starem- 
lerg, who doubtlefs, qaittcdBaecelofia with the ut- 
moft Regret, was very well pleafed with their Re- 
folution, though he did not think fit to approve it 
publickly, and comply'd with their Requefti io 
that the Catalans garrifon'd Montjouy^ and feiz'd 
the Pofts of Barcelona^ except fuch as the Imperial 
General thought fit to keep for the Security of the 
Imbarkation of his Troops. 

The C«^2/4«^ fent at the fame time a Detachment 
to feize Terragona^ but the Governour would not 
admit them into that Place, which was delivered 
the 13th or 14th to the Spaniards. 

The firfl Detachment of the Imperial Troops 
arrived at rado the 8th of July, and the fecond with 
Count Starembcrg^ imbarked at Barcelona the 9th of 
that Month, and arrived atGcma the idth, under 
Convoy of the Bntijli Squadron under Sir John Jen- 
vings. It was upon the Departure of that General 
that the Ctttalam proclaimed War, by beat of Drum 
and found of Trumpet, againfl France and the Duke 
of Jnjoii, refolving rather to perilh than to fur- 

( 73 ) 
render to King PWip, before their lawful Privi- 
leges were confirmed ; in order to which they fcnt 
all the nfelefs Mouths out of the City, and liung 
out a black Standard at Montjony with this Infcrip- 
tion. Death or our Privileges maintained. 

They likewife raifed three new Regiments' in the 
City, and gave them the Names of the Holy Faith^ 
the Rofary^ and the Conception. 

They remitted large Sums of Money to Jlgien 
to buy Corn and other NeccfTaries, which the Jl- 
gerines engaged to deliver in the Harbour of 
Barcelona. They have in the mean time received 
a Supply from Naples, the SpaniJI) Gallics before 
that Place being not numerous enough to block it 
up, and fearing the twelve Algerine Men of War, 
which had been feen on the Coaftof Valencia. 

The Inhabitants of Car dona znA. the Neighbour- 
ing Country being refolved likewife to defend them* 
felves to the lafl: Extremity, put that Place into a 
good Poflure of Defence, and have formed five new 
Regiments to which they gave black Colours 
with Motto's importing, That they mil live Free, 
er Die. 

V.''hile thefe Places, and fome others, prepared 
themfelves for a vigorous Defence, the MicjucUts 
and Volitntiers pofTefsed themfelves of all the Defiles, 
to ftreighten the Duke of Topoli, whofe Commu- 
nication Lerida being thus cut off, was obliged 
to fend his Difpatches for the Court by Sea to 

The Town of Mamezjt had fubmitted to the 
Duke of Popoit, and rcceiv'd a Garrifon of 360 Spa- 
niards; but upon the Arrival of 400 Miquelets, 
fent by the Deputation of Barcelona, the Inhabi- 
tants took up Arms, drove the Spaniards out of 
that Town, and declared agaioft King Philip ; 


whereupon the Duke of PofoU detached Lieutenant 
General Armeneiaria with 4000 Men and four Pieces 
oif Cannon, with Orders to put all the Inhabitants 
to the Sword, and burn the Town. 

The Courts of France and Madrid hegzn to have 
another Opinion of this Matter than they at firft 
entertain'd ; tho' they publifhed Accounts much to 
their own Advantage. They found that the Troops a 
under the Duke de PopoU would not be fufficient to 
reduce Barcelona ^ the Miquelets and Country Peo- 
ple were very troublefome \ and at leafi: a good 
Squadron muft be equipped to block up Barcelona 
by Sea. On thefe Conficferations therefore, it was 
refolved that the Duke de PopoU fhould fend them 
a new Summons to furrender ; declaring, that it 
would be too late to offer it after the raifing of the 
Batteries \ that no Quarters fhould be given them, 
and that the yqry Houfes and Walls of the City 
*rould not be fpared. " ..•'-- - 

But they were fo far from being brought over by 
thefe Menaces, that they entertain'd it with Con- 
tempt. They difmifl'ed the Meflenger very cour-. 
leoufly, with this Anfwer : 

* That they had not taken the Refolution men- 
' tioned hi the former Anfwer to his firfl Summons, 

* without having duely confidered what the/ had 

* anfwered to j That they faw no reafon to change 

* their Minds, for he could not but know that they 
' had gained many Advantages : And inConclufion 

* told him, he would never have the Satisfasflion of 

* feeing any One of them in Barcelona^ imploring 

* his Clemency, lince they were refolved to defend 
' therrtfelves to the laft Man, rather than live, 
' Slaves. The Motive which induced them there* 

* fore muft bf^C°'^^'^"^^^'°^ °^ ^^^^S ancient Pri- 

"• ■' ' \ vilegesj 

' vileges, and if it was in his Power to prociird 

* that for them, they would with all Gladnefs opea 

* open their Gates and receive him. 

This Anfwer was not relilhed with any Satif- 
fadion, and produced a great deal of Warmth and 
Heat againft the diftrelTed People: Terrible Pre- 
parations were talk'd of to reduce them, of which 
they had Notice, but] fcemed not the leaft ia- 
fiuenced or intimidated by it. Of their Refolution, 
the following Letter from thence is a fufiicient ln«- 
ftance, and the Truth of it confirmed by ail Ac-t 
counts lincc. 

AS to what paflTes we have wrote to you before 
this, fo we have only to fay if you will look 
over our former Letters, you will find we have al- 
ways told you, that though the whole World fhould 
continue the War, becaufe it is the Caufe of God, 
for the Kings Caufe is juft, and was approved as 
fuch by thofe who have now abandoned us =. We 
were fix Days debating, and at laft it was refolved 
to continue the War in the Name of the King our 
Mafter, the 6th of July. We afTure you, though 
the Enemy is before the City, and that this Day 
they have begun to batter the Convent of St. Ma- 
drona with fix Pieces of Cannon, here is no Body in 
t'.'.is City afraid, for we put our Hopes of a Re- 
medy in God Almighty, and 1 am certain, in a 
very fliort time, we Ihall experience theSuccefs to 
the Amazement of the whole World •, and God 
will do this, that Men may know that he only is 
Capable of making Kings and deftroying them. It 
is now fix Weeks the Enemy has lain before the 
City, in which time they have done nothing; and I 
allure you that in that timr, what with ourTroops 


the Country People, Voluntiers and Mrquelets, we 
have killed 3000 of the Enemy, and have not loft 
100 Men on our fide. 

Other Letters from Barcelona at this time ac- 
quainted us, that on the lift of November^ N S, 
in the Night, General Nebot^ and Do» Jofeph Mar. 
tini^ Lieutenant General of the Infantry, Sallied 
out of that Place in great filence, with 4000 Men, 
divided into Eight Regiments •, That having pene- 
trated as far as the Convent of our Lady of Crace^ 
•vhere the Caflilians had one of their Principal 
Quarters, they forced it, put 5oo Men to the 
Sword, and took 400 Prifoners, among them one 
Colonel, two Lieutenant Colonels, ten Captains, 
and thirty Subalterns i which done the Catalans 
retired in good Order into the Town, with their 
Prifoners, and a great Booty of Horfes and other 
Things : That the Catalans loft but a Hundred.Men 
in that well Concerted and Succelsful Aftion, and 
amongft them the Lieutenant Colonel of the De- 
putation, who was very much regretted. That 
the Caflilians^ upon this difafter, abandoned feve- 
tal Pofts near Barcelona^ for fear of a Surprize, 
and had Caft up Intrenchments in feveral places : 
That fince the arrival of a great Fleet with Pro- 
vifions from the Ifland of Majorca^ and another 
from Sardinia^ they had plenty of all things in 
Barcelona^ and fufficient Quantities to ferve 'e.n 
the whole Winter ^ That there was a pcrfeft Har- 
mony between the Inhabitants and the other Cata- 
lans that had taken Sanftuary there, who were 
bo'th the one and the other refolved to defend the 
Place, and aflert their Liberties and Privileges to 
the laft Extremity \ but that however they had 
certain Afliirance, That the Spaniards would not 
Befiege the Place in fprm that Winter j That the 



Barcelomans were dayly augmenting their Naval 
Forces, infomuch that at this time they had adu- 
aily at Sea fourteen Men of War, befides feveral 
Frigots and Armed Barks : That on the 21ft this 
Squadron took a French Ship of thirty Guns, home- 
ward bound from the Weft-Indies^ with 100000 
Pieces of Eight on Board, and a great deal of 
Merchandize \ That all the Captains of that Squa- 
dron were enjoyned to Sieze on all Ships ad en with 
Provifion, of What Nation foever they be, and to 
bring them into Barcelona^ where they (hould be 
paid the full value of their Cargo •■, by which means 
they hope to be fufficiently fupplied with Provi- 
fions from time to time. That they had already 
brought into that Port two EngUJIi Ships laden 
vvithCod-fifh bound to Alarfvlles ; That the 19th 
two other VelTels Laden with Corn, from the Z-f- 
i-ant, had, by ftrefs of VVeathcr, been forced to 
put into Barcelona^ and that they had received In- 
telligence, which confirmed their former Advices, 
That General Bracamonte^ who attempted to fur- 
prize the Caftle of Cordona^ was repulfcd with the 
lofs of fix Hundred Men, befides a great Number 
that was kill'd in his Rear, being pnrfued in their 
Retreat by Colonel Farrer with his Regiment j fo 
that upon the whole Matter, the Affairs of the 
Catalans where in a very profperous Condition. 
This fingle inftance fhews what Men are capable 
to perform when they exert themfelves for the 
Defence and Support of their Rights and Privi- 

It was not to be doubted, as I have obferved, 
but that the moll violent Refolutions would be 
taken againft them, and this it feems it produced, 
as other Accounts from thence at that Time make 


C 78 ) 

•^'K thel,tt|eTo»,„a,.d VillLe" S f"™'?,' 

haci are /taiS ^'tr f,'„ «f ' -i-"' « 
Soldiers notabftaininp fr^^ I '"^Ground 5 tLe 

ches and A tars b '? rn ^ "'''""S ^^'^^'^"''- 
aers, violt L7wJ^;°""^'"'«g all other Difor- 

of the Conveys rwher;ever"ir!^''^^f^'8'°"« 
Shelter in his MarchP. xl nf -^" ^^^ ^^^en 
has not been exemrt1dfroI'-r^''^ of i?..c./.«^ 
for all the Houfes on I .r. T^ ""'^'"''^ Executions, 
«r Foe, and nothing b tT,- '"".'?^'^ ^^ ^'"'^'^d 

- left ilandint o^n 1,7^ l^^' 'rTel'^T^I 
Barcelona continue refnlnrp , ^ i. ' "-'^P^^ of 

ane;., that the rS " of rhe m'' ^a^^"^ 
a!i private Perfons muft on v ^^°^^^^"« ^nd 

^es produce what^v^ Moncv '^pVf -^""^ '^"^^- 
Goods lie denn(7r»^ / ^ ' ^^^^- or ociier 

by thore:h1,'KlAtd°o"u?'? /" ?.^^*^ ""^^ 

"^it to theC.M^ ! whthM?!^ 
ploy for the comnao.'serv ice rilf^ *'^" '^'' 
only made divers new Work. J w/ ^j^'" '^''^ "^t 
^^^omjuy, but furrounded therJ iid r"'"^/''^.^^ 
cumvallation, and call «n R. 1 l "''''^''^ C'^" 
Eminences. Be^des thevl -°"'''-°" ^'^^^"^ 
other Armed Veflt%tsJ,r J'"'' ^'^'^^^" ^'^d 
inuflication vvirh J/.™ ' ''! ^^.^^/^P^" ^ Com- 
the better Opportun ty of Voli"', '^''0''"' ^^'^ 
«'/^^Gal!,es not beme^able ro r^^ .'^ccaufe the 5;^. 
at this Seafon of "Vear Z^P-'T' '^' ^°^^ 
havcaddcdnew fort,^S:LraS^:fS^&o^:j 

(79 ) 

f the Capuchins : They have abandoned Fort Ma- 
rona after two days Refiftance; but have liace by 
le Fire of their Artillery from the Town made the 
rench retire out of it again ^ and now neither 
aity is pollefled of it. The Duke cle PopoU has 
lufed Barracks to be built for his Troops, and has 
jceived fome Reinforcements from EjiramaJura j 
ut having no more than Twenty Cannon,he is not 
I a Condition to form an Attack againft the 
'own : He gives out that he waits for five Spamjh 
nd four French Men of War, under the Command 
f M. Jn Calfe^ which are to bring fixty Guns for 
attery , and all other neceflarics for the Siege. 
lotwithftanding which, we are of Opinion ihh 
laniards will only Block up the Town, and try to 
educe the Inhabitants by Famine. 

We Ihail add, to conclude this Article, That 
[lere are Letters from Barcelona of the ill ofOclo- 
?r, which fay. That the Deputation of Catalonia 
as caufed two Perfons of Note to be taken up for 
eeping Correfpondence with the Duke of Popcti\ 
nd acquainting him with all the Refoiutions that 
lerQ taken in the Town againft the Ca/Jilians. 
'hey have appointed Don Raphael to co to 
'lennay to make a Reprefentation to the Emperor 
bout their Condition- They have fitted out 
hree Men of War of forty Guns each, with di- 
ets Frigots, and armed feveral other Vclfels \ lb 
hat that they have a Fleet of Thirty five Sail, with 
?hich they are refolv'd to go in qucft of the Spanijli 
Jallies, and oblige them to retitv; into their Har- 
bour, that the Ships they exped from Naples with 
'rovifions, may pafs not into their Port. 

All the cruel Executions ufed, did but the more 

lifpofe the Catalans to defend themfelves , and 

vhac helpt to anitnate chcra was, the arrival of a 

G large 

( 8o ) 

^arge Fleet from Majorca^ with a Reinforcement 
of 2600 Men, and great fupplles of Provifions. 
The Students in Barcelona were form'd into a Re- 
giment, kept Watch every Evening at the City 
Gates. Several Places , and almoft the open 
Towns in the Principality were exafperated by the 
Ravages ufed againft tbeni, to take up Arms a fe- 
cond time in their Defence, fo that indeed it be- 
came a very Bloody Scene of War. 

On the arrival of the SfAnijh Fleet to block np 
Barcelona^ the Duke de Populi fent another threat- 
uing Meffage to the Town, That if they did not 
fibmir, he wou'd beat the Town about their Ears, 
by bombarding it from the Sea : And to (hew them 
that this was prafticable, he caus'd Six Bombs to 
be thrown into the Town •, but neither this, nor 
the Menaces they ufed, were capable to (hake their 
Refolution. They anfwer'd. That neither his Fleet, 
nor Land Forces had any Influence on their Coun- 
cils, in which they had ftedfaftly refolved, and 
fA'oni it on the Holy Evangelifts, to defend their 
Liberties and Privileges to the laft drop of their 

It was now refolved to Befiege the Place in form, 
lince the Spaniards had experienced that all other 
means were ineffeftual. Ths Barcelonians were as 
aftive in preparing againft it ; hourly expeding 
they fbonld hear fomething from the Emperor, to 
whom they difpatched the Marquis de Lanes. Ac- 
cordingly on the 2 id of j4pil^ two Majorcan Vef- 
fels arrived in the Road, and in oriC of them came 
over theSieur Barharina^ Gentleman of the Horfe 
to the Viceroy of the Ifland j He brought with 
him three Letters from the Emperor, viz^. one 
to the Deputation of the Principality oi Catalonia^ 
one to the Magiftrates of BarcHona^ and another 


to the Prote^^ors and Geaerals. He brought alfo 
as miny Letters from theEmpiefs to the fame, all 
which were filled with the liiiidefl Expreffions, and 
contained ia Subftance, 

That his Imperial Majefly feeing himfelf for- 
fakcn by his Allies, and even agaiiift coromoa Ju- 
ftice, obliged to withdraw tiis Troops from the 
AfTiftance of Aich Good artd Loyal Subjects, con- 
trary to his own Inclinations ^ whofe Faith and 
Affeftion he had fo often Experienced : And find- 
ing himfelf under a nectfTity to enter into a Treaty 
with the Molt Chriltian King, which he had con- 
cluded at Kadflat ; yet he had preferved his 
Rights, Titles, and Puetention to the Grown of 
Spaitj^ and aflured them he would aflifl them with 
all his Might, in order to procure them the Ad- 
vantages they deferved for their fiagular Fidelity, 
Firmnefs, and Glorious Aftioc^}. 

The Letters from the Emprefs were of the fame 
tenor, and ^ave great fatisfadion to the People ; 
they exprelTed their Joy in a Publick Rejoycing, 
and caufed a folcmn Proceffion to be made, and Te 
beum to be fung vvith great folemnity. Thefe Re- 
joycings continued for two Days, and the Guns oa 
the Ramparts were fired in Salvoes, What a live- 
ly Inftance was this, of the wonderful Faith and 
Afll'tftion of thefe brave People, who under the 
dreadful Apprehenfions of a Siege, a formidable 
Army lying before their Gates, could with lb lit- 
tle concern, perform fuch a joyful folemnity. How 
worthy arc fuch Siibjeds of the Protection and 
Favour of any Prince that fiiall Reign over 
them ! 

It was rdblved once more, before undertaking 

the Siege, to make them offers of Submiffion, and 

a MeflTage was fent them by Monf Orry^ importing 

G 2 ing 

( 82 ) 

importing in fubftance. That if they would now 
Submit, his Majefty would come to fome more fa- 
vourable Refolutions concerning them than they 
had reafon to cxpeft. To this Meflage the Depu- 
tation of Catalonia^ delivered the following An- 
fwer to the Marquifs de Guercht^ who was fent into 
the Town on that Occafion. 
' That according to the Advices they had from 

* (^ienna^ the Affairs of the Catalans had been 

* mentioned in the Conferences at Kafladt^ and 

* have been'preferr'd in a more particular manner 

* to the Congrefs, to be held for a Peace between 

* the Emperor and France \ wherem they had 

* hopes they Ihould be included to be reftored to 

* their ancient Privileges and Liberties. That 

* the Emperor had thereupon offer'd his Guaran- 
' tee, and had engaged befides, that they fliould 

* not receive any of the King's Troops to Garri- 

* fon the chief Places in Catalonia^ which fhould 

* be kept by their own Forces. That in order 

* thereto, they wou'd maintain 1 8000 Men ; And 
' laftly, that if the Spaniards were willing to en- 

* ter immediately into a Capitulation with them 

* upon thefe Conditions, they were ready to lay 

* down their Arms; but that otherwife they would 
' defend themfelves to the laft Man. 

On this refolute Anfwcr, the French Troops de- 
iigned for the Siege were ordered to fpeed their 
March, and a Squadron was ordered to Block up 
the Place by Sea. We fee here, that the French 
King had forgot the Interceflion he had promifed 
to make in their favour, and proved the only 
means of reducing, which, from paft Experience, 
could not have been afiefted without it. 

The Marfhal of Berwick arriv'd in the Camp ht' 
{oxt Barcchm^ the jth of July, the Night between 


CSj ) 

the Twelfth and Thirteenth, at the Dlftance of 
three Hundred Toifes from the Town, and were 
carried on within one Hundred Toifes of the 
Counterfcarp. The Befieged redoubled the Fire 
of their Cannon and Mortars : They made a Sally 
with Foot and Horfe, and itilled fome Soldiers, but 
were repulfed- 

We mult expeft that the Journal of the Siege 
coming thro' France^ they will be fomewhat Par- 
tial i but as we could have no other, it will be pro- 
per to fee what Account they give ; and the con- 
clufion and brave Defence of the Garrifon will 
fufficiehtly help to fet the Reader right. 

From the Camf before Barcelona, July 16. 

WE began yefterday Morning to batter this 
Place with 74 Pieces of Cannon and 24 
Mortars, and this Day from a new Battery of 22 
Guns, The Marefchal of Berwick has given 30 
Piftoles to the Gunners to encourage them to do 
their Duty. 

July 2'y N.S. On the 12th Inflant theMarquifs 
VtlUrcal^ who Commands in the City, fent a 
Trumpet with a Letter to the Marquifs de Giurchi 
Lieut. General, who immcdiatly carry'd it to the 
Duke of Berwick^ without opening it. The Duke 
gave it back again, unopen'd alfo, to theTrumpet, 
telling him he had not beft return for his Life ; 
that he would have nothing to do with Rebels; 
and that their only Way was, to open their Gates, 
and furrender at Difcretion. The fame Evening, 
the Trenches were open'd by four Battalions of 
the Spanljl) Guards, three of the Regiment of Nor. 
mandy^ two of j4rteis^ one of the Royal Artillery, 
ten Companies of Grenadiers, and five Hundred 
Horfe. G 3 On 

C »4 ; 

On the 1 3th, in the Afternoon, the Beficged 
made a Sally, with upwards of three Thoufand 
Men, the Sieur Kaimondo^ a Major-General, being 
at their Head, with feveral of their Officers. 
Their Foot came and attack'd the Trenches in 
Front, whilft their Horfs took them in Flank; for 
the Parrallel could not yet be carried on to the 
Sea. Several Workmen, who did not retire Time 
enough, were kill'd. The Befieged made a great 
Fire that Day, having a great Number of Cannon 
upoii Battery, with fix Mortars, from which they 
fire Stones. 

la the Night between the 13th and 14th, we 
perfeQed the Works, carry'd on the Parallel to- 
wards the Sea, and it was finifti'd in the Night 
between the 14th and 15th. The Befieged made 
a great Fire from their Cannon and Muskets, with 
which we had but 15 or i5 Men kill'd and fome 
others wounded. 

The Night between the 16 and 17th was fpent 
in perfefting the Worhs qf the preceeding Nights. 
On the 17th, at Four in the Morning, appeared 
twenty Defertcrs well mounted, among whom 
were five Officers, one nan'.cd Pomou a Major-Ge- 
neral, Son of a Lawyer at I'kh^ accompanied by his 
Brother , GrenomUas a Brigadier \ Mar?oml a 
Goldfcnith's Son, with bis Brother, and two other 
Officers. They had their Valets and Portmanteaus 
well fill'd, which rais'd a Sufpicion that they de- 
fign'd to go and join the Marquifs de Pm*?/ Chief of 
the Rebels in the Country^ the rather, becanfe we 
had Informatica, that tiiey had been Ringleaders 
in the Revolt. Wherefore the Duke of Berwick 
ifent them on board a Ship the fame Day (17th) 
for the Caftleof Penifcol.'.^ where they will be kepi 
till further Ordcrsi This is no very happy lu- 


( 85 ) 
ftance to invite thofe within to fubmit to Mercy. 

The Duke of Berwick^ who had fo defpicable a 
Notion of ihefe People, to fay, That they knew 
not how to Defend themfelves, nor how to Sur- 
render, and fent their Letter back unopcn'd, v»ras 
convinced after that he was miftaken •, the Letter 
they fent him, was only full of fentiments of Kind- 
nefs to his Perfon, to excufe themfelves that they 
did not open their Gates to him, and that they 
would at any Time fpare the Place wherein they 
knew he had his Qiiartcrs. 

Whilft they continued making a brave Refin- 
ance, all Europe was afflifted with CompafTion for 
them ; and in regard they were infpired with the 
Notion of Liberty, few People could forbear to 

The Parliament of Eng^and^ in particular, tooTc 
thdr Cafe into Confideration, and the Houfe of 
Lords addrefled Her Majefty in their Behalf, as we 
may fee. 

The Houfe of Lor as humble Adiirefs to Her Majefiy 
April the 3«/. 17I4. 

WE your Maiedy's moft Dutiful and Loyal 
Subjedts, the Lords Spiritual and Tempo- 
ral in Parliament aflembled, having taken into 
Confideration the feveral Papers your Majefty was 
moft gracioufly pleafed to Order to be laid before 
this Houfe, in purfuauceof our humble Addrefs of 
the Seventeenth Day of March laft, That your 
Majefty would be pleas'd to Order an Account to 
be laid before this Houfe of what Endeavours had 
been ufed that the Catalans mi^ht have the full 
Injoyment of their ancient Liberties and Privile- 
ges j did with the utmoft Thankfulncfs to your 

G 4 Ma- 


Majelly, and Satisfaftion to onr Selves, obferve 
the repeated and eameft Endeavours of your M»- 
jeRy for preferving to the Catalans the full Enjoyment 
of all their jufi and ancient Liberties ; and that altho' 
it appears by the Treaty of Peace with S/)4<>j, that 
the King of Spain has hitherto not been induced 
to agree with your Majefty's interpofition in their 
behalf, hut infiiis that they Jliall come under the con- 
dition of his Snbjen-s ofCaifile, there is yet room 
for your Majefty's further iuterpofitioD, for fecu- 
ring to that People thofe Liberties which cannot 
but be very valuable to them ; we do therefore 
make it our moft humble and eameft requeft to 
your Majefty, that your Majefty would be graci- 
oufly pleafed to continue your Interpofition in the 
moft prefling Manner, That the Catalans may have 
the full Erijoyment of their jhFI and ancient Friviledges 
continued to them. 

her Adajefiy's Anfwcr was as fa/lows, 

jyy Lords^ 

I Heartily Thank you for this Addrefs, and the 
Satisfaftion you exprefs in the Endeavours I 
have ufed for fccuring the Catalans their juft Li- 

At the Time I concluded my Peace witH Spain, 
I refolved my Interpofition upon every ptopcfr 
Occafion for obtaining thole Liberties, and to pre- 
vent, if poflible, the Mifsfortunes to which that 
People are exp&fed by the Conduft of thofe more 
nearly ccncerned to help them. 

This we fuppofe Points uc the Emperor ; But had 
we not put it out of his Power cither to help hira- 
felf or them ? and was he not fain to compound 
for the fafety of his Emprefs and Troops ? But 


( S7) 
fuppofe this true, could we not complain that our 
Ships were made ufe of to reduce them ? And was 
it not highly injurious to Her Majefty's Dignity, 
and look'd like an infult to offer at iuch a Proceed- 
ing ? which is evidenced by the following Letter 
from our EngliJI) Merchants at that Time. 


At the Foot hereof, are the Names of all our 
Ships in this Port that lie under a general Embar- 
go to ferve the King of Spain^ and nothing wiU 
ferve to get them releaH, notwithftanding all our 
Diligence and Care, as you will hear of in a little 
Time (perhaps by the Ormond Man of War, Cap- 
taio Mafters^ who is this Day come in and going 
Home, who, if he gives us Time, we fhall repre- 
fent the Cafe and fend it Home ;) yet by this 
Means our Commerce is retarded to fend Home 
our Wines and fruit ; a deplorable Cireumftance 
to be concerned, which is what offers at prefeat. 
I am, d-c. 









Loyal Sfihjc&y 





N. B. Thefe Ships are to carry Horfes and Treops 
for the reducing M3J.orca and Barcelona ; and 
William Warren, Mafter of the Charles, writes, 
they Will agree no Frieght^ nor how they fhall be paid. 


r 88 ) 

This is little Correfponde»t with Her Ma- 
jefty's great Concern, and very probable (he did 
not want Inclination; but our Reraonflrances 
were become of no Weight, we were funk into 
the contempt of our New Friends. 

Let us now proceed with the Accounts of the 
Siege of Barcelona. 

ON the 1 9th of July^ the Sier d'Afturias Lieu* 
tenant-General, theSieur de AiauUvrier Ma- 
jor-General, the Duke de Havre and the Sieur 
Sarrote Brigadiers, mounted the Trenches, with 
lo Battalions, fix Companies of Grenadiers, 1800 
"Workmen, and 300 Horfe. Two Deferters 
affirmed, that the Officers who came out of the 
Town the Day before, and were fent to Penifcola^ 
went on puipofe to raife tlie Country, and that 
they did not pretend to be Deferters, till they 
were ftopt by the Patroul. The Befieged made a 
great Fire the whole Day, which kill'd us 4. Men, 
and wounded i5 ; among thefe was the Sieur Sar- 
rote a Brigadier, tho' but {lightly. At Two in 
the Afternoon, the Duke of Berwick went to 
view the Works ; and the whole Night was fjpent 
in getting ready the Batteries- 

On the 20th, the Sieur de Verboom Lieutenant- 
General, the Marquifs de Brogilo Major-General, 
and the Sieurs d'Alba and de Sanz.ay Brigadiers, 
mounted the Trenches, with the fame Number 
of Battalions and Troops as was done the Day 
before; Three Deferters reported, That the Be- 
fieged flitter'd themfelves with Succours from 
Naples, and from the Miquelets, Commanded, as 
they lieliev'd, by the Officers who were feiz'd 
and fent to PenifcoU'^ whereupon the Duke of 
Bermick order'd them to be brought back to the 


( 89 ; 

Camp. Wc had that Day lo Men kill'd and 20 

On the 2 ill, the Trendies were reliev'd by the 
Sieur de Laver LieutenantGeneral, the Duke tie 
Mortcmar Major-General, and the Sieurs Courten 
and Defmarets Brigadiers, with the fame Number 
of Troops, and 2cco Workmen^ and we had 12 
Men kill'd and wounded. 

On the 22d, the Marquifs de Giurchy Lieutenant- 
General, the Sieur Cabaret Major-General, and the 
Chevaliers Joffe and dc Ncfves Biigadiers, mounted 
the Trenches with a like Number of Troops. 
The Duke of Beriricli went in the Night to view 
the Works, and order'd two New Batteries, one 
of fix Guns againfl the Baftion of St. C//«»Vf, and 
the other of four at the Attack of the Capuchins. 
We carried in the Night-time, 40 Pieces of Can- 
non, and 20 Mortars, to the Batteries ; two Pair 
of Kettle-drums, four Trumpets, and a Compa- 
ny of Hautboys, marching at their Head, and an- 
fwering one another alternatively. The Leaders 
of the Mules took up the Straw in their Return, 
which had been laid to takeoff the Sound of the 
Mufick which made too greataNoifc. We had 
that Dayi^o Men kill'd, and 20 wounded. 

On the 23d, the Sieur de Murct Lieutenant-Ge- 
neral, de Orxiffff.-rr Major- General, the Vifcount 
dd Puerto, and the Marquifs de Torrecaft Brigadiers,' 
mounted the Trenches, with the fame Number 
of Troops, and 2880 Workmen. In the Evening 
wc carried to the Batteries, with the fame Atten- 
dants as before, 20 Cannons and 8 Mortars ; and 
had 20 Soldiers kill'd, and 12 wounded. 

On the 24tli, the Trenches were reliev'd by the 
Chevalier de Croix Lieiitenant-General, the Count 
de Charny Major-General^ and the Sieurs de CaSJro 


and d'Ordonnio Brigadiers, with 2000 Workmen^ 
and the fame Number of Horfe aad Foot. That 
Day, the Nine laft French Battalions which were 
expeded, arrived in the Camp ^ and the Night 
following, the Duke ot Berwick went and view'd 
the Batteries, which were finilh'd. An Officer, 
1 2 Troopers, and 3 Foot-Soldiers, came out to 
us, who reported, that Proclamation had been 
made in the City, That all Manner of Perfons, not 
excepting the Priefts and Monks, muft come and 
Work upon a great Retrenchment, which was be- 
gun from Port Neiive to a Place call'd La Locatay 
which takes in the Monafteries of St. j^H^uH-in 
and St. Ciaire. An Officer in the SpaniJJ) Guards, 
and 25 Soldiers were kill'd, and 15 wounded. 

On the 25 th, being St. James's Day, whofe 
Name the Duke of Berwick bears, he went into 
the Trenches at Four in the Morning, and or- 
der'd Mafs to be laid therein, by the Vicar-Gene- 
ral of the Army, who afterwards blels'd the Ar- 
tillery. Exadly at five a Clock, all the Cannon 
and Mortars began to play-, the Royal Battery 
againfl the Courtinc^ from the Angle of the 
Baftion of Port Kcnve, to that of the Baftion of 
Sc. Claire ; and two other Batteries againfl: this 
laft Baftion, and the Redoubt of Sc. EiUalia, near 
jhe Sea fide. A Bomb from the Place fet Fire to 
12 Barrels of Powder, without doing any other 
Damage. That Day, the Trenches were reliev'd 
by the Prince de Robec Lieutenant-General, the 
Chevalier de Damas Major-General, the Duke 
ei'Iiavre and the Sieur Onrbon Brigadiers, with 
tbe ufual Number of Troops, and 1200 Workmen. 
We had 12 Men kill'd, and 8 wounded. Forty Sol- 
diers dcferted, who reported, that all the reft 
would do the like, if they had an Opportunity. 


( 91 ) 

Oa the 16 th of July ^ the Trenches were relicv'd 
by Don Juan djicmia Lieuteuant-General, the 
Sieur de CafliUe Major-General, and the Sieurs 
de Sanvtlheuf and de BaUncourt Brigadiers, with the 
ufual Number of Troops, and only fix Hundred 
Workmen. The two EnglHh Men of War, which 
had lain in the Road, fetSail, having been anfwer'd 
by the Barcelonians^ That the Efteds which they 
reclaim'd were abfolutely neceflary for them in 
the prefent JunSure v and. That they would ei- 
ther reftore them, or pay the Value, after the 
Kaifmg of the Siege. The Batteries having made 
a continual Fire, we began to difcover the Plat- 
form of the Rampart. In the Night 24 Mortars 
were feveral times difcharg'd all together. There 
came out 24 Deferters, who faid, thofe in the 
City began to talk much of Surrendring ; that 
our Cannon did them a World of Damage ^ and 
that the Right of the Attack had cut off the 
Courfe of the Rivulet tvhich fupply'd their Pow- 
der-Mill with Water. The Bcfieged fired but lit- 
tle, and by very long Intervals. The Captain of 
Grenadiers of the Regiment of CaflilU^ loft a Leg 
by a Bomb-Splinter •, and wc had fix Soldiers 
kill'd, and ten wounded. 

On the 27th, the Baron d Hasfeld Lieutenant- 
General, the Sieur Ribadeo Major-General, and 
the Sienrs Co;<>-n' and Koffi Brigadiers, mounted the 
Trenches, with the ordinary Guard, and i 500 
Workmen. The Battery of fix Guns fired in the 
Morning againft the Flank of the Baftion of 
St. Claire \ and that of four againft the Retrench- 
ment which the Enemy had caft up againft the 
Royal Battery, and which it took in Rear. Four 
Deferters came out \ a Sxvifs Captain was kill'd, 
with io Soldiers, u were wounded-, and the 



Count de Mirabel^ an Engineer, was fliot thro' 
both his Cheeks with a Musket Ball. 

On the 28th, the Sieurs deGeofreville Lieutenant- 
General, dArazid Major-General, de Velafco and 
Cavalier Brigadiers, reliev'd the Trenches, with 
the fame Number of Troops, and 2000 Workmen. 
In the Night we fired three Branches on the Right, 
and as many on the Left, in order to augment the 
Fire from the Trenches. A Deferter reported, 
that on the 25th there was a great Aflembly in the 
Town-houfe, whither the Connfel of a Hundred 
repair'd. Several reprefented, that they muft 
needs fubmit j but VtUaroel^ the Sieur Pinos^ a Per- 
fonof Qpality, Bajfet one of the principal Au* 
thors of the Revolt of the Kingdom of fdencia^ 
and a great Vicar of the Biflioprick, rcjeded that 
Propofal •, this laft afluring them of Succours from 
Heaven j and Buffet^ That he had the Secret of a 
Powder, which would caft a Mift before the Eyes, 
and lay a-fleep the Befiegers, when they fliould 
make the Aflkult. Upon fuch Aflurances, it was 
refolved to perfill in the Defence i never the lefs, 
Fdlaroel fenc his Wife to Montjity^ whither the 
principal Ladies of the City are retired. In the 
Night, a Captain of the Regiment of Cordona was 
kiird, with 1 2 Soldiers ; and we had 20 wounded. 

On the 29th, the Marquifs de CevaCrimalS 
Lieutenant.General, the Sieur Luequeft Major-Ge- 
neral, and the Sieurs de Sanz.a\ and d^Alha Briga- 
diers, reliev'd the Trenches with the ufual Num- 
ber of Troops. We continued the Saps, and en- 
larged the BreacJifs \ that in the Courtine was 
10 Toifes wide, and that in the Baftion of the Le- 
vant 10. Three Deferters came thro* the Breactf 
in the Night , and reported, That the Evening 
before, the Belieged aflembled iz on 3000 Men, 
' - of 

(93 ) 
of all Ages and Conditions, from 1 2 Years old, 
to make a great Sallys but that when they Ihould 
have march'd, that Multitude difpers'd themfelves, 
except five Hundred. As the Enemy fired no 
longer from the Cover'd Way, we fent two Gre- 
nadiers to view it, who brought Word, that they 
faw no Perfon in it. The Artillery of the Be- 
lieged being difmounted, they had recourfe to 
flinging of Stones. 

The 31ft:, The Batteries continued firing to en- 
large the Breach, and fixty Men were kill'd and 

The ill of j4ngiift in the Night, the French 
Miners had carried their Work under the Baftion 
of the New Gate, and the SpaiiiarJs theirs under 
that of St. Claire. Four Batteries were begun 
for ruining the Faces of thofe two Baftions. la 
the Day, a Number of Men and Women of the 
Town placed in the Breach a Colours with a Death's 
Head in it. 

The 2d in the Night, the Spaniards had wrought 
a Mine under the right Flank of the Baftion of 
St. Claire, though the Frcncl) had made another 
under the left Flank. But the 3d at Seven in the 
Morning, the Befieged made a Sally, killed two 
Miners, and took the other four, who told them 
that Miners were alfo at Work under the Baftion 
of the New Gate. The Befieged propoling to 
fcize thcfe laft, made a Sally with 400 Men : The 
great Bell rang out, and the Ramparts were lined 
with Inhabitants, who made a very great Fire. 

The 4th, the Befiegers were employed in remo- 
ving their Batteries, and fired only from two Bat- 
teries on the Left at the Breach. 

The 5th at Six in the Morning, the Befieged 
made a Sailey with 1000 Men, and ftealing 



through Ravines and hollow Ways^ which begin 
at the Angel- Gate, they furprized near the Ca. 
puchins, a Redoubt in which were 30 Men, of 
whom a Lieutenant in the Walloon Guards and 
17 Soldiers were killed. They beat off a Piquet, 
and advanced to a Battery of four Guns, three of 
which they nailed. 

The (Jth, a Battery of ten Guns, placed on the 
Covered Way ot the Baftion of the new Gate* 
fired all Day againft the Baftion of St. Claire : 
1$ Men were killed, and 25 wounded. 

The 7th, three new Batteries fired. 

The 8th, Batteries made a great Fire, efpecially 
that againft the Face of the Baftion of St. Claire. 

The 9th, fo great a Fire was made with Cannon 
and Muskets, that the Befieged durft not fire j 
and fo we had but one Man killed and ten wounded. 

The 13th, About ten a Clock at Night the 
Baftion of St. Clatre was stacked by twenty Com- 
panies of Grenadiers. 'The Fight lafted 'till Six in 
the Morning of the 14th, and notwithftanding 
the extraordinary Fire which the Befieged made on 
all Sides, the Baftion was taken ^ the Aflailants 
lodg'd themfelves on it, and there maintained 
their Ground. 

The 24th, About Noon the Befieged returned 
to the Charge, in fo great Numbers, that our 
Men were forced to retire and abandon the Baftion, 
after having maintained themfelves on it 14 Hours. 

Thefe were the Accounts given by the French 
and Spaniards^ thofe from others we fhall fee differs 

Thus far we have feen how far Things were 
pulhed to the Ruin of the Catalans ; and we have 
mentioned fome Inftances made to HerlateMajefty 
by Her Parliament toward their Relief : But of 


this we never faw any EfTeft •, not fo much, proba* 
bly thio' the want of concern to rifqae thefe ia- 
jured People, whom we had drawn into this Mis- 
fortone, as the want of Power to obtain the leaft 
Favonr from tbofe very Courts, which we had (b 
manifeflly ferved and befriended. 

On the Death of the late Qiiecn, we find how- 
ever, Th?.t it was one of the firfl; Things the Re- 
gency thoiu?;ht on, when they ordered the EnfliP> 
Refident at the Court of France to make a Re- 
prefcntation in favour of the Cm Jans. 

' That his moit Chriflian Majcfty having pro- 
' mifcd to interpofe his good OiTices with the 
' King of SfMT?^ in Favour of the Catalans^ they 
' were firprifed to find, that inftead thereof, his 

* Mojl Chrifltcn Af.ycfty had fent his Troops to 

* affift thofe of his Grand Ton in theRedudion of 
' Barcelona ; and that their Excellencies hoped, 

* his Most Chrisiian Ahjejiy would make good his 

* Promife!:, and coniider the ill Coiifequeiices of 

* his fuftering Forces to Act againft a People who 

* were under the Protedion of the Crown of 6Vf4t 

* Britain, to which the Refident received Aiifwer. 
' That the Afofi Chrijlian King, had already made 

* good his Engagements in behalf of the Catalans -^ 

* That their Obftinacy was the Caufe of all the 

* Misfortunes that might befall them, and that his 
' Glory would not fatfer him to recall his Troops 

* from before Ba; celona. 

So that it feems their Misfortunes were owing to 
his Majefly^S Glory ; he could not recal his Troops j 
but overlooks the Reafon.why he feut them thi- 
ther , the Chief Article of all. 

In fhort, all Interpofition was vain«'on that Side, 
they had been too much ufed to lend a Deaf Ear 
to any Thing that came from Britain. 

We Ihail therefore now pafs on to the Cataftro. 

H ph 


phe cf this fatal Siege, the Journal of which H 
before given to this Time, and we are now come 
to the Day of Storm ; a Day Bloody and Difmal, 
and in which L/Wfv was glorioufly afTerted. The 
beft Account given of this by the^French and Spa- 
vijh Journalifts is as foUows, and is well worth the 
Reader's Attention, the only Town which flood a 
Storm daring the whole War as we remember. 

The Duke of Bermck found the Siege hung fo 
heavy on his Hands, that he was refolved to wait 
no longer the Effeds of his Mines, or the coming 
up of the Troops he expefled, but to Storm the 
Place without giving the Befieged farther Time, 
who were not without Hopes of being fuccoured, 
as well from the feveral Bodies they had ftiil ftirring 
in the Country, as from the Intercellions they had 
made both at Vienna^ Britain^ the fJa^iif, and Other 
C3i:rts : But the greateft Motive of underta- 
king this Storm, which they were convinced Ly 
the former Defence of the Garrifon, would be 
very bloody and hazardous to them, had more 
probably another View, which was the Remon- 
ftrances made by the Regency of Great Britain 
on the Death of the Queen, which if it had once 
reached the Befieged, would have enft3m€d them 
with frefh Ardour. 

The Storm was undertaken the nth of Septem-* 
ber^ N. S. and was very Bloody and Obftinate. 
The Befieged difputed every Inch of Ground, and 
let their Enemies fpend their Vigour in the three 
feveral Attacks they carried on ; one againft the 
Baftioa of the New Gate ^ a Second at that of 
St. Claire^ and the Third at the Grand Breach -, 
and with their Cannon laden with Cartridge-Oiot, 
mowed down their Enemies in whole Ranks, no 
Quarter being given on either Side, and referving 
tbemfelves to thelaft Occilion ; fo that when the 


.( 97 ) 

3efiegcd tiad gained the Breacli, and were entered 
the Skirts of the Town, they found that they had 
[till afrcfh Difiiculty to furmount, and that all the 
Streets were full of Coupiires of Retrenchments, 
[)n which the Beliegers did not think to venture i 
The Befieged feeing them at a ftand took frefli 
Heart, regained the Baftion of St. Paer^ that of 
5r. Aiiguflitiey &c. and attacked the Breach again, 
killed and overthrew all in their Way, and drove 
the Enemy even to the Foot of it ^ artd had pro- 
bahly driven them further, but that the Body of 
Refer ve was ordered to th« Defence of it, and 
Eight frefh Battalions were ordered from the Camp 
to fuftain the reft, which made Fourty Nine Bat- 
talions, bcfides Fourty Four Companies of Gre- 
nadiers employed in this Aflault. The greatelt 
6trcfs of the Adion lay at the Baflion of St. Feter^ 
which was taken and retaken Eleven times that 
Day, and here the Befiegers lofl an incredible 
Number of Men. it may he obferved that 'tis ve- 
ry improbable the Befieged, according to the French 
Journals, (hould in this Inftant of Succefsj retire 
without being driven, and beat the Chamade, if 
the Marfhal Berwick had not let them underftand, 
that if they thought fit to make Propofals, hd 
would receive Deputies, and confent to a fu- 
fpcnficn of Arms, as he accordingly did, and at 
tight in the Evening, three Perfons came one 
to treat for the Body of the City. The Negoci- 
ation was terminated the izth in the Evening up- 
on the following Conditions : That they fliould be 
afliired of their Lives •, that the City fliould not 
be Plundered i that they fhould be left to the Di- 
fcrction of the King of Spain^ which they confent- 
ed to with great Rcluaance j that they fhould 
immediately furrcnder Cardona in the State it is, 
and fliould difpofc ilie /^■/r'y'orf^w/ to fubmit •, and 




Jaftly, that all thofe who had ferret in the regular 
Troops, and would not take Service with thoft of 
Trance and 5p^««, (hould have the Liberty to go 
where they pleafed. In Confequence at this Capi- 
tulation Motnjuy was delivered up at One in the 
Mornijg to the Sieur Giterchois^ Who went into it 
with Eight Battalions. The 13th. at Five in the 
Morning they brought the Keys of the Gate to the 
Sieur Gtterchy^ and at Six took Pofleffion of all the 
Pofts and put the necefTary Guards in them. Kow 
well they have kept the Faith of this Treaty, many 
of thefe oiiferable People have dearly experienced 
already; theywereiramediatelyftript and difarraed, 
forced to redeem themfelves from Plunder by large i 
Sums, the Laws of Ce/?»7e publickly declared, and 
many of the Chief of them diftributed into kveral 
Goals, and dcftiacd tothe worfl of Slavery, -work- 
ing in the Mines. Well may their Conquerors tell 
DSj they are fain. to fecure their Troops ia Garri- 
fbn, in the Monafteries, Convents, e^-c. to preferve 
them from the Refentment of the People, who will 
itill live in hopes to have an opportunity of reco- 
vering their Liberty 2 r,d Privileges. 

The Clergy during the whole Siege, diftiaguifli- 
ed themfelves in a very particular Marnier, and 
fought with a defperate Refolution, and eacoura- 
ged the People both by their Prayer and Exam- 
ple to die in Defence of their Liberties. The Zeal 
of the Wom?a was no lefs remarkable ; for they ^ 
encouraged their Husbands to ftaoid it out to the? 
laft 'ilxtremity, declaring they would fliarewith, 
them ail the Danger and Fatigik, as indeed they | 
did, and worked in tbe-lntrenchments with greatj 
Alacrity. This Siege coft the French and Sp^:niaytJt ■ 
an incredible Sum, with the lofs of 20000 choice '